The Cogswell interchange is shown in a 2015 long-exposure photo. — Zane Woodford

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Halifax councillors tackled cuts to the city’s capital budget on Thursday, adding and subtracting from a list of more than $100 million in projects that won’t be completed in 2020.

Along with $85.4 million in cuts to the operating budget, Halifax is looking to slash its capital spending — for things like new buildings, renovations, vehicles, and road construction — by more than $100 million due to COVID-19.

The pre-COVID 2020-2021 capital budget included a plan to spend $316.2 million on capital projects this year. That included $136.3 million in unspent money carried forward from 2019-2020 and $179.8 million budgeted for this year.

Finance staff have recommended cuts of $53.5 million from the capital plan, and another $54.9 million in deferred spending, bringing the total planned spending on capital this year down to $207.8 million.

It’s a reduction of $108.4 million — 34%.

Though it’s a massive cut, chief administrative officer Jacques Dubé told councillors the city still won’t be able to complete the projects that weren’t cut.

“To be frank, there is no way we can deliver a program like that this year,” he said.

“The average plan we have delivered over the last three years is in the range of $165 million.”

And that was management’s story for nearly every cut councillors asked about: they wouldn’t be doing it anyway.

Crumbling Cogswell to stick around

Among the highest profile cuts was $26.3 million from the budget for the Cogswell Interchange redevelopment, leaving that budget at just $750,000.

Construction work was supposed to begin this year, with demolition originally planned for last fall.

The Cogswell Interchange in 2018. — Zane Woodford

Coun. Waye Mason asked transportation and public works director Brad Anguish to clarify for the public that “Cogswell wasn’t going to happen anyway.”

“We did tell the public that we’d be in the ground this year,” Mason said.

Anguish said Mason had it “pretty much on the money.” His team is working through the last few issues with the design and writing the tender.

“Essentially what we’re trying to do is get ready to get a report to council that literally will clear the way for council to give us the green light to proceed to construction,” he said.

“We’re getting incredibly close to being ready to go for a tender for construction.”

Mason also asked about the cuts to the bike network approved by council — a $3.4 million reduction in spending for 2020-2021 down to $2.8 million. Anguish told him the work is a “tough slog,” and they’d be ready for construction next year.

The Spring Garden Road streetscaping project is being cut by $7.5 million down to $2.3 million, and Mason was told the work planned for this year will go ahead this year.

Coun. Lorelei Nicoll, chair of council’s transportation standing committee, asked about a cut of $870,000 to the road safety improvement budget, bringing that line item down to $2.3 million.

“I’ll put my transportation standing committee hat on for a minute because a big concern of residents across the municipality is road safety,” Nicoll said.

“We’re in a pandemic, people are to stay home, but for some reason I get a dozen speeding complaints every day.”

Anguish told Nicoll there’s no direct cut to any road safety improvements, and part of the savings came from a cancelled project. There was an intersection upgrade scheduled at the corner of Kaye and Young streets that was cancelled because of an issue of timing with Halifax Water.

“As far as direct delivery to communities, we have not really touched anything in this budget,” Anguish said.

“Everything I think a councillor would be mostly concerned about is in play.”

Potentially saved: downtown Dartmouth infrastructure cash

Coun. Sam Austin doesn’t want to see any more delays for “Dartmouth’s Cogswell.”

“It’s not on the same scale,” he said, “but we’re basically taking our 1960s, 1970s outdated, out-modelled road infrastructure, in this case Alderney Drive, (and) we’re slimming that down, we’re adding pedestrian and cycling on it and a multi-use trail, we’re enabling redevelopment in Dartmouth Cove … and of course we’re creating new public spaces.”

The project enables the next phase of the daylighting of the Sawmill River and a major development in the industrial area next to it, Dartmouth Cove.

The proposal in the recast budget was to cut $2 million from the budget line for Downtown Dartmouth Infrastructure Renewal, leaving just $50,000. The money, Austin said, is for land acquisition, and cutting it would be “penny wise, pound foolish.”

He said Halifax Water needs HRM to buy the land to enable the Sawmill River project, and that’s eligible for federal infrastructure funding. And he argued that the new development in Dartmouth Cove would increase property tax assessments.

The motion to consider keeping the funding passed 14-3, with councillors Steve Streatch, Russell Walker, and Paul Russell voting no.

Added cuts: fire station reno, district capital, ‘corporate accommodations’

Councillors added a few items to the chopping block on Thursday, including $1.7 million for renovations at Halifax Regional Fire and Emergency’s historic Station 2 on University Avenue.

That building, opened in 1903, has been in rough shape for years.

“I had a tour of Station 2 about nine months ago now,” Mason told councillors. “The closest I’ve ever been to literally losing my mind on this job is when I saw that the ceiling on the second floor ready room was still leaking five years after the first time I toured the facility.”

A pedestrian walks past Station 2 on University Ave in 2019. — Zane Woodford

Chief Ken Stuebing told councillors the roof has since been fixed, and the upgrades planned for this year are interior renovations to finish the job. The union, the Halifax Professional Firefighters Association, told him they’d be fine with deferring that work in favour of keeping staffing.

Union president Brendan Meagher told the Halifax Examiner last week that he’d rather see cuts to capital than the staffing cuts originally proposed. (Council voted on Wednesday for more information on reducing those staffing cuts.)

“While we can’t target that, I do feel that if they’re willing to do that and we know that we’re going to be debating bring[ing] the fire budget back in line with full funding … then that’s an appropriate deferral to make,” Mason said.

Mason made the motion, passed unanimously, to add that line item onto the list for consideration later the budget process. That’s money that was still included in the budget that council will now consider cutting.

Councillors voted in favour of a motion from Austin to do the same with about $3.8 million spread over two line items for “corporate accommodations” — plans “to renovate and revitalize HRM’s core administration spaces.”

Austin asked for a report with a breakdown of that spending, looking to reduce but not eliminate those budget lines.

Coun. Shawn Cleary put forward a motion to cut councillors’ district capital funds in half for the year ahead, saving $750,000. District capital funds are councillors’ discretionary accounts, typically granted to community groups or used for small projects.

The money was already planned for deferral by a year, and Cleary argued many of the groups councillors would normally grant the money to aren’t operating. Some of his colleagues disagreed.

“I cannot support this motion,” Coun. David Hendsbee said.

“I’ve got community groups now that can’t even do any fundraising right now so they’re more dependent on any capital assistance right now than ever before.”

Cleary’s motion to cut the funds in half passed 10-7.

There was also another cut added earlier in the week: Coun. Paul Russell added $400,000 for streetscaping to the list of potential cuts on Tuesday. Staff said that money is typically used to widen sidewalks and make other improvements when new developments are finished.

Council’s budget committee meets again on Friday to review a list of “shovel-ready” projects that the city wants to use to apply for federal and provincial funding that might offset some of its cash flow issues due to late property tax payments.

The cuts added or removed to the list on Thursday will be brought back with more information from staff and then subject to a final vote closer to the end of May.

The final capital and operating budgets are tentatively scheduled to be approved on June 9.


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Zane Woodford

Zane Woodford is the Halifax Examiner’s municipal reporter. He covers Halifax City Hall and contributes to our ongoing PRICED OUT housing series. Twitter @zwoodford

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  1. The HRM cut garbage collection back, policing is reduced and fire, and road safety is reduced. The HRM is reducing the level of service on all essential city services, yet they keep their social media staff? We have a contact HRM call centre don’t we? The CAO and management staff still seemed convince there will be a demand for high density development in the city after Covid.
    No bank would want loan penetration in hi rises, even private investment would be risk averse.Maybe gambling developers can get a loan of laundered money? It is absurd that the HRM politicians are receiving pay and there should be massive management cuts to save taxpayer money, not essential service cuts.

    I hope to God a herd of millennials, the majority working age people, decide to run for civic office in Halifax, and get rid of the old fart hi rise visions of the HRM and its politicians. The tax burden shifts to the county regardless, the downtown will no longer generate revenue for the whole county.

  2. I’ll wager they will delay or cancel any discussion re the underfunded gilt-edged HRM pension plan. ; the most generous plan in Canada. HRM is the only municipality with a ‘retirement allowance’ an unfunded liability now in excess of $33,000,000