In the harbour
1. Tidal power
The giant tidal turbines destined for the Minas Basin stopped in Halifax yesterday. The barge Scotian Tide, which is carrying the turbines from Pictou, stopped at Pier 9 to be re-ballasted for the remainder of the trip; while it was here, I went over and took the above photo, which shows an interesting juxtaposition between the turbines in the foreground and the Tufts Cove power plant’s smokestacks in the distance.
The single most important issue of our time is climate change — the fate of humanity (and hundreds of thousands of other species) is at stake. It may already be too late, but decisions we make right now and in the coming few years could very well mean the difference between a hellish near future and a difficult one. We need to get off fossil fuels stat.
With so much at stake, it’s hard to have much patience for people who, for instance, complain that their scenic views are disrupted by windmills. And so when we read people like Darren Porter warn about tidal power’s effect on fisheries, the temptation is to be dismissive.
I sure hope tidal power can live up to the promise. The potential is enormous, of course. I once tried to calculate the possible power that could be generated if we built a trillions-dollar dam across the entire Bay of Fundy — I’m not sure such a thing is even technically feasible, and it’s certainly not financially feasible, but if we could, it would generate something like half the electrical power needs for all of the Earth. So sticking a few turbines in the Minas Basin seems like a no-brainer.
But I fear this won’t turn out well.
For one, even the relatively small-scale power generation of the current testing operation is a huge technical challenge. The awesome power of the tides tore to shreds the first turbine that was placed in the basin in a matter of days. It was such a failure that officials wouldn’t allow photographs to be taken of the remains, as if it were a particularly gruesome crime scene.
It will take some serious engineering, the best and brightest minds, and a hell of a lot of commitment and money to harness that tidal power. It needs a Manhattan Project scale of effort, and that’s not hyperbole. We’ll see if we’re up to the challenge. Time will tell, I guess.
But beyond the technical challenges, I don’t have much faith that our local institutions can pull this thing off, or at least not in a straight-forward, no-bullshit manner.
Anyone who’s been paying attention knows that graft, self-promotion, nepotism, insider contracts, and simple incompetence are the defining characteristics of business as usual in Nova Scotia, and all those qualities take off exponentially when something can be sold as “innovative” or otherwise as the saviour of the economy.
I suspect that much of the money spent on tidal research has already been siphoned off for personal gain, and it sure looks like the plan is to export the power for the profits of Emera and not for the benefit of Nova Scotians. Sure, that’s me being Mr. Cynical Naysayer, but the media have been cheerleading, not investigating, and the lack of critical reporting on the research doesn’t bode well. When there are no watchdogs, the warehouse gets looted.
And when powerful people in Nova Scotia are given free rein, invariably those without power get stepped on. We pay the costs, financially, socially, and environmentally.
And so, yeah, I listen to the Darren Porters of the world and take their concerns seriously. The institutions need to be checked, questioned, and held to account.
2. Peter Kelly
The CBC is following up on the Peter Kelly story, which I first wrote about locally in Wednesday’s Morning File.
Yesterday, Russell Gragg and I called Charlottetown city councillors to ask them about Kelly, and we’ll be publishing those calls on today’s Examineradio (broadcast at 4:30pm on CKDU, 88.1 FM, or via podcast found on halifaxexaminer.ca or on iTunes). I spoke with deputy mayor Mike Duffy, who calls himself “the other Mike Duffy,” and told him the joke here in Halifax is that PEI doesn’t have internet because evidently no one googled “Peter Kelly” before hiring him. In fact, Duffy told me, no one did Google Kelly.
3. Deleting evidence
The Serious Incident Response Team (SIRT) yesterday released a report clearing a Halifax cop accused of illegally deleting a video of an arrest of a 17-year-old boy from a bystander’s smart phone:
In late November, 2015, SiRT received the complaint from the male, who was arrested on June 30, 2015 while he was a resident of the Reigh Allen Centre in Dartmouth.
As the actions of the officer could constitute obstruction of justice, SiRT opened an investigation. It showed that on June 30 staff at the Centre called police because the male was in breach of court conditions and had caused damage at the Centre. When police arrived and attempted to arrest this male he resisted and there was a struggle. A second male youth was initially in the room where the arrest occurred, but left and then video recorded the encounter through a window.
This second male protested the actions of the police. As a result he met with one officer in the presence of a staff person. The officer told this male if there was relevant video on his phone it would be seized as evidence. The male showed the officer the video. The officer told SiRT that the video did not show the struggle to arrest the first male, but only began after the male was subdued. As a result he felt the video was not relevant. It appeared the second male was concerned that his phone would be seized if the video remained on his phone. The facts show the male either agreed to delete the video on his own with assistance from the officer, or the officer deleted the video. The officer now acknowledges he should have seized the phone with the video.
The facts support the officer’s statement to SiRT that the video only began after the first male was subdued. That also supports the officer’s position he thought the video was of no value. Thus, while the officer should have seized the phone as all evidence has some value, the facts available in this case are not sufficient to say the video was deleted for the specific purpose of obstructing justice.
Without the specific intent to obstruct justice, there are no grounds to support a charge of obstruction of justice. Thus no charges will be laid against the police officer.
You can read the full report here.
Canadian courts have ruled that people have the right to film police arrests so long as they are not interfering with police operation.
People should not be in a position of choosing between losing their phones or deleting videos, and yesterday’s SIRT ruling looks to me like it reflects an instance of police intimidation. As a work-around, people can upload videos to Facebook Live. There are a number of apps that upload videos directly to the cloud so they cannot be deleted, but check to make sure they work in Canada.
Concrete chunks found on Ashburn Avenue under #Highway102 overpass: https://t.co/ghBgLIG16a #HFXtraffic #Halifax pic.twitter.com/nQQrojy5tD
— Steve Silva (@SteveCSilva) July 8, 2016
“A Halifax municipal road crew removed concrete chunks from under a Highway 102 overpass Thursday night,” reports Steve Silva for Global:
One chunk was about the size of a shoebox; two others were about one-third the size. There were also shattered bits spread several feet around.
The chunks were on a section of the sidewalk and boulevard on Ashburn Avenue, which was bordered by yellow caution tape by the crew when the chunks were cleaned up at about 9:30 p.m.
Directly above, there was what appeared to be a missing concrete layer of the overpass consistent in size with the chunks (there were no similar missing layers visible under the structure in proximity).
I sure hope engineers were called out immediately to inspect the structure because this is exactly what happened in the hours before the Laval overpass collapse.
In the early 1960s, the city of Halifax rationalized the street numbering system, which meant that suddenly everyone had a new street address. “Often, old and new numbers were both displayed for years,” writes Stephen Archibald, who took the above photo in the 1970s:
[O]n Dresden Row, this house was more or less where Pete’s is today. On old buildings the new long numbers were sometimes installed in awkward locations while the old number serenely endured. (I was really trying to photograph the door and probably hoping to crop out the ugly new number).
The number thing is really interesting, but is that a palm tree or what reflected in the door glass?
2. Proportional representation
Richard Starr likes that Justin Trudeau and the Liberals have vowed to do away with the First Past the Post elections system, but Starr thinks they’ll probably not actually implement the change:
There will be a lot of chatter about electoral reform over the next few months. There may even be a few town hall meetings if our local Liberal MPs deign to hold them. (The parliamentary committee is “inviting” MPs to conduct town halls in their ridings and report back by Nov. 1, 2016). But given all of the obstacles – in particular the fact the two main parties will not benefit from change – it is very likely that FPTP will still be around in 2019. And that would be unfortunate.
3. Should I stay or should I go?
More navel-gazing at The Coast.
We could discuss how neoliberalism and the ascendance of the financial class have disrupted local economies and how traditional resource and export economies like Nova Scotia’s have been hit especially hard, but where’s the fun in that? Instead, we’ll pay some buzzword slingers to tell us we need to change our attitudes; we might even get a rhyming coupletter out of the deal.
4. Cranky letter of the day
Imagine a big teeter-totter with Cape Breton Liberal MLAs Derek Mombourquette, Geoff MacLellan, Pam Eyking and Dave Wilton crowded at one end high off the ground, feet dangling, and Yarmouth Liberal MLA Zach Churchill sitting alone at the other end, feet on the ground.
From my vantage point this is how Premier Stephen McNeil must see his MLAs. After all, he approved a $13-million provincial tax-funded subsidy to an American company to run a ferry service from Churchill’s hometown of Yarmouth to Portland, Maine for each of the next two years.
Did I mention that only Americans are hired to run the ship?
This service has been a huge money loser for years. Companies have gone bankrupt and this time round commercial traffic is banned from using it by the city of Portland. Yet McNeil told the Sydney and Area Chamber of Commerce in June that the province would not provide money to help build the container terminal. He views it as a strictly private venture.
So we are left with at least $26 million for the next two years to run a proven failure of a ferry service but far less for port development, doctor recruitment, road repairs and health care.
Imagine if McNeil allotted $13 million a year to be spent in each of the local Liberal constituencies.
The people of Yarmouth must be pleased with their MLA.
Toby Morris, Sydney
No public meetings.
No campus events.
In the harbour
8am: Quartz, oil tanker, arrives at Imperial Oil from New Orleans
8:30am: Lady M I I, yacht, sails off so its ultrarich passengers can observe some other quaint people
11am: Cygnus Leader, car carrier, sails from Autoport for sea
1pm: Nolhanava, ro-ro cargo, sails from Pier 36 for Saint-Pierre
8pm: Oceanex Sanderling, ro-ro container, sails from Pier 41 for St. John’s
2am: Maersk Mizushima, tanker, arrives at Imperial Oil from New York
10am: Insignia, cruise ship, arrives at Pier 22 from Bar Harbor with up to 684 passengers
8pm: Insignia, cruise ship, sails from Pier 22 for Reykjavik
It’s been a long week. How ’bout that submarine, eh?
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Re: the absurd claims that “much of the money spent on tidal research has already been siphoned off for personal gain, and it sure looks like the plan is to export the power for the profits of Emera and not for the benefit of Nova Scotians….the media have been cheerleading, not investigating…when there are no watchdogs, the warehouse gets looted.”
Rather than investigating, Mr. Bousquet has simply opined.
And he’s dead wrong.
Every kilowatt of energy now approved in the Bay of Fundy is bound for Nova Scotians, under law.
The regulations that created the feed-in tariffs for wind and tidal guarantee that the energy must be both produced and consumed here to qualify for the tariff.
The idea that this had been done for personal gain is insulting – unless Mr. Bousquet believes that research work should be unpaid.
There are 112 studies and counting, all available to the public, completed principally by Nova Scotia’s world-class pool of academics and researchers. Those studies range from monitoring potential effects on fish, lobster, marine mammals, and seabirds to understanding the hydrodynamics and physical characteristics of the challenging conditions of the Minas Passage.
The idea that this is done without oversight is also insulting.
51 studies have been done by the Fundy Ocean Research Center for Energy (FORCE) in response to strict Environmental Assessment terms set by the Department of Environment, that required everything from marine life surveys to Mi’kmaq ecological knowledge studies and more. Monitoring studies are overseen by a volunteer advisory board made up of independent representatives of Nova Scotia’s scientific, First Nations, and fishing communities – working without pay.
All of the studies, and the names of the authors, and the names of the people who oversee them, are posted publicly on FORCE’s website.
That level of transparency should make it easier for Mr. Bousquet to insult each of them directly.
In addition, monitoring work at FORCE undergoes critical review by scientists working at the federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans, and final approval by Environmental Assessment staff at the provincial Department of Environment. And all of their feedback is published online.
The other 61 studies have been conducted through competitive research calls by the Offshore Energy Research Association (OERA), vetted through a robust external peer review process, and approved by their board – which includes representatives from Dalhousie, Saint Mary’s, Acadia, St. FX, and Cape Breton Universities, NSCC, industry, and the province.
We get it: this is a new technology, with many questions to answer.
And collectively, we have to remain transparent and agnostic about those answers, which may range from “yes” to “no” to “under certain conditions.”
But the gigantic failure is Mr. Bousquet’s willingness to generate an opinion in the absence a single fact to back it up.
We welcome a more considered piece of investigation in the future.
Tony Wright, General Manager, FORCE
While it’s true every source of energy causes problems, as Bruce Wark says, the problems they cause vary substantially. Given climate change, energy projects that reduce the most GHGs are much preferred, generally.
I’m a strong supporter of renewable energy but you’re right to be concerned about the current Tidal power project Tim. Tidal power generation would reduce GHGs, but Fundy is a very productive fisheries area so world class monitoring during the current experimental phase is essential. The federal Dept of Fisheries issued a report in April pointing out what more must be done to properly monitor the impacts. The latest monitoring plan has only been partially released which is a very bad precedent and unacceptable. This project must be delayed till a top notch monitoring program is in place and it’s publicly available. See Ecology Action Centre’s statement for more details: https://www.ecologyaction.ca/news/tidal-power-position-statement .
Fisheries management in the bay is as crap as it is anywhere.
About half-way down the article points out purse seiners are still catching offshore, that’s the problem. To catch fish sustainably you can’t have motors that let you go out in any weather and radar to track them where ever they are. There’s a reason the weir fishing was so successful for so long, it allows for a great deal of fish to never be caught and is responsive to changes in fish population.
Solar is inevitable anyway. Just give it 10-15 years and these conversations won’t happen anymore. Yes, we all know Tim doesn’t believe in technology, but just Wikipedia “Swanson’s Law”. Basically, the more that is shipped, the cheaper it gets. Every sale makes the next sale that much more likely.
This isn’t really a question of IF but WHEN. Realistically, all of this spending and debating over green energy (and other energy types for that matter) is meaningless (IMO).
Technology and the market have essentially solved this issue, we are just waiting for the results to come in. In 5 days of sunshine, the sun provides more energy than all the fossil fuels that EXIST on this planet.
I don’t feel great about taking on massive debts, to make tiny incremental gains against climate change for 10 years, when the solution is already in the pipeline. We should be encouraging spending on solar, or better, wait until other countries single-handedly lower the price for their own benefit (China already finished 90% of this) and then swoop in once the prices are rock bottom.
Solar is already cheaper than coal in many nations, soon to be everywhere. I don’t really consider this optimism as much as realism. Could be wrong, but doubt it.
I don’t hate technology.
Tongue in cheek, but apologies sir.
Generating power from either wave or tidal energy has to be done at a large scale in order to be economic – as with wind turbines, small scale turbines may salve our conscience about being green, but are very expensive. Any large scale renewable energy technology has environmental impacts, but these are significantly less than the impact of burning coal – but the discussion about wave vs. tidal is of little importance in NS, as the waves on the eastern coast are not strong enough to generate power at a reasonable price.
Fundy Tidal Inc. is experimenting with small-scale tidal power.
Small scale solar and wind would meet all of the energy needs in my home, the upfront price is a bit too high at the moment. I think it would be nice if the government was investing in us to buy the things instead of giving Emera more money. They could give loans out at very low rates which would generate a lot of tax revenue from the installation and upkeep of the systems. Only problem is all solar and many wind turbines are built elsewhere so there would be money flowing out of the province. But this would break the power monopoly and empower Nova Scotians, so it won’t be done.
With regard to the silly hollering about the Yarmouth Ferry boondoggle, we should be reminded that it’s only a SYMPTOM of a much larger and longtime dismatling of our SUSTAINABLE way of life in order to enslave us to the WorkldCorp Elite.
Our politicians have GIVEN AWAY almost all of our natural resources (gas, oil, forests, even the ocean!) to pillage-and-burn opportunistic exploiters. Little of what WAS «ours» has actually benefitted US, but the WorldCorp Entitled Elite are basking in the «easy prey» exploitation of the credulous Nova Scotian peasantry.
The Yarmouth ferry was once a CRITICAL service for a wide array of local needs but with the destruction of our railway infrastructure, and the cockamamie idea that all tourists want is to GAMBLE and overeat we’re saddled with an entirely UNsuitable Floating Casino whose passage is ridiculously overpriced and whose transport services are ridiculously narrow.
To make maters even worse we have thoughtless people demanding a Container Port for Sydney, Melfortd, and God-knows where else while the rail infrastructure essential to those operatiuons is being rapidly sold-off and dismantled. And, that’s before we consider that even the existing HALIFAX container traffic is falling off precipitously and will never recover. How many times do we have to play the fool before we wake up and see the plain, uncontrovertable FACTS?
Some people choose to have AMNESIA so they can be APOLOGISTS for exploitative WorldCorp elite.
Nova Scoita Power WAS wholly owned by EVERYONE in Nova Scotia until corrupt politicians GAVE IT AWAY to their rich friends for a fraction of what it was worth. Their rationale: ««it’s so in debt we can never recover»» but within months of the giveaway most of the friends-of-the-politicians «stockholders» conveniently FLIPPED it for a cool profit to a bunch of US Billionaires so they could embezzle millions a year out of the Nova Scotia peasantry. Secret back-room deals for WorldCorp pirates (pulp mills) and multi-millions payoff to EMERA «top-brass» are only some of the nasties we have tio swallow every time we pay some of the highest energy rates in the civilised world thereby keeping the Entitlede Elite comfortably ensconced in the «luxury to which we’re ENTITLED». I’m leaving Nova Scotia having suffered far too much of this rapidly widening RULERS and PEASANTS divide. I can only PITY those, who for good reason, CAN’T ESCAPE this cruel and immoral charade. So long as wolf-in-sheep’s-clothing Credit Union CEOs reinvent themselves as Tory Leaders and turncoat Union Bosses run as Tory candidates we condemn ourselves to a miserable existence as serfs slaving to keep the Entitled Elite happily cracking the whip, and laughing at us all the way to their offshore tax-avoidance luxury lives.
Tim, I would start from the assumption that there is no such thing as “green” electricity. Generating power always has environmental consequences and there are no benign sources. I would distinguish, however, between Big Electricity — with massive continent-wide power grids operated by privately owned utilities more accountable to shareholders than to citizens — from small, locally produced sources. Size matters and small is more beautiful than big when it comes to power generation. Unfortunately, we are addicted to Big Power as your photo of the five-storey, 1,000 tonne tidal turbine in Halifax Harbour shows.
The tidal industry in Nova Scotia represents an interesting three-way partnership between private companies, all levels of government and the province’s universities. Generating power for the grid is only one aspect. Everyone is hoping that Nova Scotia will become a leader in the development of technologies and expertise that can be exported all over the world.
It’s not primarily about “green” power. It’s about industrial development.
Nothing about renewable energy really seems to be “small”. Small wind turbines don’t pay for themselves on most of the planet because only the big ones are high enough out of the wind shear. Solar panels are cute and can be scaled down to power a calculator or scaled up to power a building, but the factories that make them are definitely big. Small tidal turbines, well, maybe, but it’s quite something to build something with that many seals and moving parts and put it in an energetic part of the ocean and expect it to generate enough power to pay for itself.
It puzzles me that we’re still trying to build humongous turbines when apparently harnessing wave action is less destructive to ocean life and less likely to be damaged by the ocean.
Can you provide some references for the relative destructiveness of harnessing wave action and of underwater turbines? This is a really interesting topic and is well-served by facts.
For all your hate on how Nova Scotia is not a center for any actual innovation, actual growth, actual jobs, actual wealth, its at odds that you also have a hate on for Emera.
Top down, Emera has some strong residency requirements for ownership of their shares. Canadian residency; and (I’m hardly a stock analyst), its institutional ownership seems both widely varied and small. This is to say, its mostly owned by actual Canadians directly or through their mutual funds. And I dare say, since Nova Scotians got first crack at it when it NSPI went public (went the other kind of public?), there are a bunch of grannies with 100’s of shares waiting to give to the kiddies when they kick off.
Emera is investing in Nova Scotia – downtown! Not some 3 year lease in a shit hole business park, they are buying, and renovating real office space in downtown Halifax. The engineers and accountants are not going to get fired in 34 months when the harassing outbound call center loses its contract when they clean the asbestos out of another warehouse in Subic Bay.
Gigantic ! Enormous ! Look at that thing. Everything about Nova Scotia’s approach to new and alternative power – like the government’s approach to everything – is big box, bet-the-farm, designed to fit the giant corporate overlord culture of big government, big land speculation, the big power company, the big banks, big auto, and the big rest.
Everything presupposes without question that all the solutions will be BIG.
I don’t believe it.
We live in a fractal world, in a fractally organized society and our future will be fractal.
The approach being forced on us seems wrong because it is.
In this specific case, the power system of the future will be distributed and much much smaller because we will require much less power to do the things we want to do.
Already most of us are carrying around a jumble of cords and boxes to step down the old fashioned blast of AC current from the wall socket to a simple sip of 6 or 12v DC current that many of our devices use. Clearly, that’s the direction things are going. It’s only a short matter of time before we can produce and store any power we need on a very small scale… likely DC in my view.
Therefore… let’s stop with these big bet-the-(wind)farm schemes to support the big power company and encourage makers, tinkerers and backyard builders to start thinking about individual ideas for local and personal systems. History will show the answer won’t come from govcorp trying to hold back the sea, it’ll be some happy folks playing in the surf.
Surely, that’s the future we want… and I look forward to the day when we don’t have to bury the wires – we can just take them down because we don’t need them anymore.
PS – SIRT is out to lunch… deleting someone’s video property is no different than smashing their physical phone and the officer should be charged with the crime he committed. We got to stop letting this go on.
Lets not forget that if this tidal turbine works, its job will be to push electricity through hundreds of kilometres of copper where most of it will be used in a baseboard heater to heat a poorly insulated home (probably because the owners can’t afford to fix it because of their power bill & taxes).
NS Power is not doing a terrible job with renewable energy, but it is a little disheartening that we could have cut our fossil fuel consumption more simply by fixing our housing stock in the province and by putting some sweaters on. I work in an office that is kept colder in the summer than in the winter for some reason, which is not unusual.
I’m not sure how to run the numbers on this, but it seems to me like if we let home and business owners get energy efficiency upgrades done for ‘free’ by placing a lien on the property that could be paid off out of the energy savings we could make real progress.
Thank you Nick! Electric heat is one of the most unreliable and wasteful uses of energy but because it cuts out any possible competition is the Fair-haired Child of the Entitled Exploitation Classes.
Our politicians have GIVEN AWAY our forest resources to prop up anachronistic pulp mills and their greedy offshore owners while also giving away our local WOOD PELLET infrastructure so, once again, we peasants can be gouged or freeze whether we «burn» electricity, cord-wood, or wood pellets. In the end it’s all a game of «Milk the Peasants» perpetrated by wannabe politicians to curry favour with the WorldCorp Entitled Elite.
Actually there is a lot of effort to reduce electrical consumption in our housing stock through Efficiency NS and CLEAN. This includes installing insulation in low income homes and in some cases replacing electric baseboard heat with heat pumps. Over 8,500 low income homes have been upgraded since 2007 with insulation and other major efficiency measures, including almost 3,000 electrically heated homes. Over 6,500 more electrically heated homes owned by low income households will see major efficiency upgrades over the next 10 years. A program for low income rentals will be piloted this summer. Lots of non low income homes are getting upgraded and/or converting to heat pumps. Efficiency NS provides grants or low interest financing to help with low ghg heating systems like heat pumps. Efficiency is happening and cutting GHGs as well as saving Nova Scotians millions of dollars every year.
I am actually using more electricity now than I did a couple of years ago because I installed a heat pump. I have reduced by home heating oil consumption by about 70% which offsets the total energy consumption, but in reality I have transferred one type to another, likely with a net reduction due to efficiency of the heat pump.
For the rest of it, the only thing I need 110 AC (or in fact 220AC) for is my hot water and cooking. Otherwise I could do just fine off of 12vdc as everything else I plug in now converts 110 to 12vdc especially all my LED lights.
We have a great company here in Halifax that makes solar hot water heaters. Payback is in the 7-10 year range though.
I don’t disagree with your premise, nor with Tim’s comments about the provincialism of big business in Nova Scotia.
The thing about the Bay of Fundy tidal energy project, though, is that this is the single largest source of tidal energy on the planet. “Clean” energy. So the scale of the work needs to match it.
As for the blowout of the first turbine put in there some years ago – this reflects the fact that this new technology was being tested in this particular site that is extremely powerful. Just because the first test failed doesn’t mean that all subsequent tests will fail. If someone put an oil rig on a well n Texas and there was so much oil that the rig blew sky-high, no one would saying “Waaah, there’s too much oil, we can’t do it”. They would say, “AWESOME there is so much energy here, let’s build a bigger rig!!”
This current turbine is being put in as a test. Some – some – of Darren Porter’s concerns are valid, and the fact remains that to learn whether or how the turbine will affect marine life, you gotta put the thing in the water. Which is what is happening now.
Yes the turbine is big. But compared to the entire volume of water (breadth and depth) of the Minas Passage, it isn’t that big. Nothing about a big, slowly turning set of blades inherently is going to kill marine life. But let’s try it out, monitor what happens, and then see.
All well and good but let’s no forget that the BENEFIT (IF ANY!) has, and always will enure NOT to the Nova Scotian «peasantry» but to WorldCorp exploiters. That’s the cruel fantasy of PEE-THREE PROJECTS. The peasants provide the resources, labour, ant TAXES to ensure the «PRIVATE» parties make lots of money. PEE-THREE schools have been an unmitigated disaster. IF Tidal Power, Undersea Cables, or any other cockamaiie ideas were actually viable, opportunistic «investors» would be flocking to get in on the ground floor. The fact that these projects require BILLIONS of unsecured taxpayer «investment» is proof positive of NON-VIABILITY and opportunistic piracy by the «private partners».