1. Dirty Dealing

This once pristine tidal estuary, Boat Harbour has been used as an industrial waste lagoon for the Abercrombie pulp mill (now Northern Pulp) near Pictou for fifty years. Photo courtesy Dave Gunning.

This morning, the Halifax Examiner published Linda Pannozzo’s in-depth investigation of the proposal to clean up Boat Harbour:

Earlier this month a delegation of fishers from Nova Scotia, PEI, and First Nations met with the Nova Scotia Environment Minister Iain Rankin, Central Nova MP Sean Fraser, and Pictou West MLA Karla MacFarlane to express their objections about the proposed new outfall for Northern Pulp’s mill waste.

For 50 years the area’s residents witnessed the transformation of Boat Harbour from a once pristine tidal estuary, so frequented by the Mi’kmaq of Pictou Landing that they referred to it as “the other room,” into a brown, frothy, toxic soup containing some of the world’s most dangerous chemicals: carcinogens such as dioxins and furans and heavy metals such as mercury, zinc, cadmium and chromium.

But that is soon to change. According to the Boat Harbour Act, legislation passed by the governing Liberals in 2015, the Abercrombie mill needs to have a new treatment facility up and running by January 2020, when Boat Harbour is slated for clean-up and will no longer be used as the mill’s waste lagoon.

But with the company set to register the proposal for the new treatment facility with the Department of Environment any day now, the prevailing mood in Pictou County is nowhere near celebratory.

For one thing, even though the details of the project haven’t yet been released, what we do know is worrying: Northern Pulp is planning to pipe the “treated” wastewater — upwards of 70 million litres per day, equivalent to 28 Olympic-size swimming pools — to an underwater site outside of Pictou Harbour, in the Northumberland Strait, a prime lobster fishing ground. With the province opting for a faster environmental review of the project, one that requires much less time or pubic consultation, many are wondering if it’s already a done deal and why other treatment options — ones that don’t use waterways as a dumping ground — aren’t also on the table.

Pannozzo goes on to detail how the proposal presents an enormous threat to the Northumberland Strait lobster fishery.

Northern Pulp Mill. Photo: Halifax Examiner

However, over the decades, as Boat Harbour has suffered and now the fishery is threatened, there has been an alternative that could do away with most of the mill’s waste cleanly. It’s called a “closed loop system”:

The technologies required for a closed loop system in a bleached Kraft pulp mill have existed for decades. Back in 1994, Pulp and Paper Magazine ran a 25-page “special report” called “Closing the Loop: The Effluent-Free Pulp and Paper Mill.” In it were a series of articles about how pulp and paper mills have “moved closer to effluent closure” and that the technology exists to make the “final environmental leap.”

The magazine’s editors interviewed a number of industry insiders, experts in the manufacturing of pulp and paper, all extolling the virtues and possibility of an effluent-free bleached Kraft mill, just like the one at Northern Pulp. One of the experts was Douglas Singbeil, at the time a researcher with the Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada (PAPRICAN). He was the “group leader” for corrosion control and process engineering and in no uncertain terms was optimistic about the possibility of an effluent free mill.

So why hasn’t a closed loop system been installed at Northern Pulp, and why isn’t one being considered now? You guess it: Money. Continues Pannozzo:

[An] industry insider tells me that California’s strict environmental laws, coupled with pressure from the public concerned about water pollution, led to the pilot study. He says there are “a whole host of upgrades that could be done at the Abercrombie mill to drastically reduce the solids output, the chemical output, and the effect on the environment” and that it “could have been done 30 years ago. They haven’t even made a step in the right direction there.”

According to Dave Gunning, many companies around the world that used to operate bleached Kraft pulp mills have switched to BCTMP mills and zero effluent treatment facilities. He says it would be technically possible for Northern Pulp to upgrade to a BCTMP but it would be expensive. “Maybe around $100 million or more. But that’s pennies compared to what the fishing industry is worth.”

Click here to read “Dirty Dealing: Northern Pulp Mill and the province are set to roll the dice with Boat Harbour’s replacement, but a cleaner alternative exists.”

This article is behind the paywall. Click here to subscribe.

Inevitably, when the Examiner publishes Pannozzo’s investigative pieces I get requests to take the articles from behind the paywall because “this is so important everyone should read it.” Well, I agree it’s important. Pannozzo’s work should inform policy making.

But these stories don’t just happen. Linda isn’t sitting at home wiling away her time — filing freedom of information requests, reading research papers, calling experts around the world, then spending weeks to craft an article — on a lark. It’s work. It’s work that taps into her considerable background knowledge and her skills as a researcher and writer. She should get paid for that work — and she does.

This is the thing about journalism: the advertiser-driven business model doesn’t work any longer. Even if it did, it couldn’t possibly pay for the kind of resources that go into lengthy investigative pieces like those Pannozzo produces. It takes cold, hard cash from readers. From you.

I hate to say it, but I’m already dreading the dozens of emails I’m going to get today asking me to please, please, please take Pannozzo’s article from out behind the paywall. So here’s the deal: if we get 10 new subscriptions today, either from new subscribers or from existing subscribers buying gift subscriptions, and if those subscribers email and tell us that the subscription came because of Pannozzo’s work, we’ll take the article out from behind the paywall.

Also, those subscribers who purchase at the annual $100 rate or above will get a free Examiner swag.

2. Yarmouth ferry

The Alakai. Photo: Halifax Examiner

“A dispute between the City of Portland, Maine, and the U.S. Customs and Border Protection is threatening to end the Yarmouth, N.S., ferry service to Portland next year,” reports Paul Withers for the CBC:

U.S. Customs and Border Protection says Portland’s international ferry terminal does not meet federal standards so it will no longer provide entry and exit customs screening at the Gateway Ocean Terminal in 2018.

“Currently, as there are no plans to provide CBP with a fully compliant facility, we are unable to continue to provide service beyond the 2017 ferry season at this location as we must maintain the highest level of national security at all of our ports of entry,” spokesman Sean Smith told CBC News in an emailed statement Tuesday.

The City of Portland, which owns the facility, has balked at spending the $6 million to $7 million it says is needed to deliver the upgrades or new facility the federal agency is seeking, according to the Bangor Daily News report.

Portland said U.S. Customs and Border Protection wants a new office building, holding cells, radon detectors and equipment to read licence plates for disembarking vehicles.

However, Peter McGuire, reporting for the Portland Press Herald, has an entirely different take on the dispute:

“We have been clear from Day 1 that we are not in a financial position to shoulder that expense,” [Portland Economic Development Director Greg] Mitchell said in an interview Tuesday. The ferry’s unproven track record and questions about continued financial backing for the service from the provincial government in Canada made Portland officials reluctant to make the investment customs officials demanded.

“This background of uncertain subsidies and operators doesn’t inspire confidence,” Mitchell said.


Customs and Border Protection agreed in 2014 to operate a two-year temporary screening facility at Portland’s Ocean Gateway when ferry service between Portland and Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, resumed after a four-year hiatus.

The temporary facility was intended to give Portland time to see if the ferry service would be financially viable. Before starting operations, the city invested $150,000 in the Ocean Gateway terminal through a loan to Nova Star Cruises, which operated the ferry service at that time.

In August 2014, customs officials told Mark Amundsen, CEO of Nova Star Cruises, that the agency agreed to work at the terminal temporarily with the understanding that Nova Star would build permanent inspection facilities. The agency asked for improvements costing almost $4.7 million, including a $2 million inspection building, radiation scanning devices, a license-plate reader, closed-circuit television and new inspection booths. Portland officials estimate the federal requirements now would cost as much as $7 million.

Customs and Border Protection extended its acceptance of the temporary facility for another two years in 2016, after the Nova Scotia government canceled its contract with Nova Star Cruises, which had not met its passenger projections despite more than $40 million in subsidies. The company filed for bankruptcy in 2016.


Uncertainty over the ferry operators, different ships and the Nova Scotia government’s commitment to subsidize the service “did not allow the city to make any progress to make the multi-million dollars of investment to support the CBP request,” Mitchell said Tuesday.

An investment of that size is also out-of-scale for the ferry, especially when compared against the economic gains of increasing cruise ship traffic to Portland. In the last four years, cruise ships have paid $5.63 million in passenger fees to the city, compared with $672,250 from the Nova Scotia ferry, city records show. Cruise ship passengers are not required to undergo the CBP screening in port.

I’m guessing the McNeil government will pony up the “$6 million to $7 million” — let’s call it $10 million — for the Customs upgrades, because in for a penny, in for a pound, no? There is no ferry expenditure that is too high. If it comes to it, we’ll spend a billion dollars on that thing.

Here’s an idea: if Portland isn’t paying for the Customs upgrades because it would rather have cruise ship tourists, maybe we can charge the very same tourists a fee to pay for the province’s payment for the Portland ferry terminal Customs upgrades. For the most part, the ships calling in Portland either came from or are going to Halifax as well. We supposedly get 275,000 cruise ship passengers a year cluttering up the boardwalk — I don’t believe that figure either, so let’s call it 200,000. Let’s see, $10 million divided by 200,000 cruise ship passengers over, say, 10 years, is … five bucks per cruise ship tourist. Add in the administrative and grift costs, call it 10 bucks a cruise ship tourist.

Just an idea.

3. Tracy Kitch

Tracy Kitch. Photo: Career Women Interaction

BREAKING: Former IWK CEO Tracy Kitch is about to be honoured as one of Canada’s 100 Most Powerful Women by the Women’s Executive Network. @CTVAtlantic

— Laura Brown (@LauraBrownCTV) November 21, 2017

Kitch, you’ll recall, charged $47,000 worth of personal expenditures to the IWK. We wouldn’t know about the improper expenditures were it not for CBC reporter Michael Gorman.

Some teenage girl lifts a 20 bucks of makeup from Lawton’s, and she’ll spend the weekend in jail and be fast-tracked into the never-ending criminal justice machinery, where she’ll be ground to a pulp. But a CEO lifts 47K from a public hospital, and she gets praised by fellow mucky muck women execs.

I don’t quite understand why people aren’t burning shit down.

4. The Icarus Report

An RCMP release:

Halifax District RCMP is investigating two incidents involving a green laser being pointed in to the cockpits of incoming flights at the Halifax Stanfield International Airport.

Just after 11 p.m. last evening, Halifax District RCMP, with assistance from Enfield District RCMP, made extensive patrols of the Grand Lake, Goffs, and Enfield areas after two pilots reported a green laser was pointed directly in to the cockpit of two flights landing at the airport.

An hour later, an off-duty RCMP officer was driving on Highway 2 in Enfield when their vehicle was also targeted by a green laser.

The suspects were not located in any of these incidents.

“Such actions are dangerous and jeopardize the safety of the passengers and crew on these flights,” says Cpl. Dal Hutchinson, Halifax District RCMP. “As well, it can result in charges under the Aeronautics Act which can result in a fine up $100,000.”




Community Design Advisory Committee (Wednesday, 11:30am, City Hall) — here’s the agenda.

Heritage Advisory Committee (Wednesday, 3pm, City Hall) — here’s the agenda.

Western Common Advisory Committee (Wednesday, 6:30pm, Art Room, Prospect Road Community Centre) — again, the agenda.


Transportation Standing Committee (Thursday, 1pm, City Hall) — the committee will talk about the “Carriage of Two-Wheeled Devices” on ferries. There’s a guy on the city’s Sunshine List whose job it is to rename bicycles.

Public Information Meeting – Case 20634 (Thursday, 7pm, Cafeteria, Bedford and Forsyth Education Centres) — rezones in Bedford.


No public meetings today or Thursday.

On campus



The Clinical Value of Imaging (Wednesday, 8:30am, Room 170, Collaborative Health Education Building) — Steve Beyea and Rebecca Moyer will speak.

Karen Dubinsky Photo: Julia McKay

How Cuban Music Made Me a Better Historian (Wednesday, 10am, Room 238, Life Sciences Building) — Karen Dubinsky from Queen’s University will speak.

Uncertainty in Quantitative NMR: Targeted Profiling and Beyond (Wednesday, 4pm, Theatre A, Sir Charles Tupper Medical Building) — Stanislav Sokolenko will speak.


Laura Hug   Photo:

Accessing Microbial Diversity and Function from Contaminated Environments (Thursday, 9:30am, Room C-140, Collaborative Health Education Building) — Laura Hug from the University of Waterloo will speak.

Piano Masterclass (Thursday, 11:30am, Room 406, Dalhousie Arts Centre) — Wayne Weng will perform.

From Gutenberg to Zuckerberg and beyond. Text Forms and Textual Transmission through the Ages (Thursday, 2:30pm, Room 2107, Mona Campbell Building) — Viktor Golinets from the College of Jewish Studies, Heidelberg, will speak.

Eating Well With Canada’s Food Guide: Evidence, Policy and Politics (Thursday, 3pm, Room 3157, Dentistry Building) — Leah Cahill, Catherine Mah, and Katherine Fierlbeck will speak.

Trombone/Conducting Masterclass (Thursday, 5pm, Room 406, Dalhousie Arts Centre) — Alain Trudel will perform.

YouTube video

Two Minutes to Midnight: Can the Crisis in North Korea be Defused? (Thursday, 7pm, Potter Auditorium, Kenneth C. Rowe Management Building) — a panel discussion about North Korea’s nuclear program and human rights abuses, followed by a screening of the film “Under the Sun.”

Dan Longboat   Photo:

A Way of Life: Indigenous Knowledge to Sustain the World (Thursday, 7pm, Ondaatje Theatre, Marion McCain Building) — Dan Longboat, Founder and Director of the Indigenous Environmental Studies and Sciences program at Trent University, will speak.

Cuba Beyond the Beach: Stories of Life in Havana (Thursday, 7pm, Halifax Central Library) — Karen Dubinsky will launch her new book.

Saint Mary’s


Are SMEs With Immigrant Owners Exceptional Exporters? (Wednesday, 1pm, 4thFloor in the building named after a grocery store) — Horatio Morgan from Ryerson University will speak.

In the harbour

5:30am: Atlantic Sun, container ship, arrives at Fairview Cove from Norfolk
6am: Oceanex Sanderling, ro-ro container, arrives at Pier 41 from from St. John’s
6am: ZIM Luanda, container ship, arrives at Pier 42 from Algeciras, Spain
3:30pm: Palena, container ship, arrives at Fairview Cove from Norfolk
4pm: Endeavor, special vessel, arrives at BIO from New York
4pm: Atlantic Power, cargo ship, sails from Pier 31 for sea
4:30pm: ZIM Luanda, container ship, sails from Pier 42 for New York


I’ll be on The Sheldon MacLeod Show, News 95.7, at 2pm.

Tim Bousquet is the editor and publisher of the Halifax Examiner. Twitter @Tim_Bousquet Mastodon

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  1. Burnin’ shit down? I got an extra can of chainsaw gas in the shed. Don’t really take that much time either.

    1. Amazon sucks. It’s around $30 at Chapters, U of T bookstore, etc. And also probably for sale at her book launch.

  2. Her expenses were signed off on by the board, we do not have the power to question the expenses once the manager signs off on them. I get crazy lookin’ expenses all of the time, you should see the new international per diem rates adjusted for exchange rates, CRAZY LOOKIN JUST LIKE ME! Now let’s get that kitchen party goin while the house burns!

  3. RE: Tracy Kitch. My first thought: Would she have the nerve to show up to collect her award? Of course she would. Self serving, entitled people like her operate without a conscience and with lots of hutzpah. She’ll be there unless they remove her from the list, and probably someone else will be paying the air fare.

  4. Re ” … burning shit down.”

    How often I’ve thought of variations of “I don’t quite understand why people aren’t burning shit down.,” usually wondering when there’ll be a collective, “I’m as mad as hell and I’m not going to take this anymore.” Doesn’t happen and apparently won’t happen. If it does, I’ll not live to see it. Agree folks are busy just coping and surviving the system, but the system stinks and until it’s fundamentally changed we’ll simply have more variations on a theme.

    Consider our electoral system. Politicians are available, even knock on doors until they’re elected; then they disappear beyond protective barriers, gleefully exploiting layers of conditioned importance, hierarchy and social class. And citizens have bought it, to the extent 46.6% opted out of voting in the last election, surrendering their minute opportunity to weigh in to an admittedly deeply flawed system.

    We’re so civilized, so educated, so invested in words and ideas that those who care enough and find energy, time and motivation to dissent, to try to alter and/or change the unacceptable, are shouting into the wind. Politicians and others in power, corporate included, once entrenched, are sitting like fat ermine-enrobed despots, laughing at us and our flailing idealism.

  5. The Women’s Executive Network should pull Kitch’s name from their honor roll. It discredits every other honoree to have it stand.
    If Hollywood can replace an actor in a film at the last minute, then they can expunge Kitch’s name from the list.

  6. Pannozzo is worth a damn sight more than 10 new subscriptions.
    What a crap start to the day I have had : Hovorsotovsky dies of brain cancer, and then I read the pulp mill and the province treat Nova Scotians as if we were brainless rubes.

  7. The simple answer? People are working too much to try to just make ends meet, so there’s no time to burn everything to the ground. People are too worried about squeezing out next month’s rent/mortgage, let along being angry at things.

  8. I would ignore the pleas to take it from behind the paywall. I don’t think I’d even respond to their email. This stuff costs money to produce, and this particular kind of story takes a long time to do right, particularly if you don’t want to get sued. If moochers prefer to get ‘information’ free, they can get it off Facebook. For this kind of stuff they have to plank down cash. Besides, how would it be fair to your subscribers? Who is going to buy the cow when the cream is free?

    There is a substantial federal component to this when there is proposed dumping of treated wastewater into tidal waters or waters where anadromous fish return to spawn. I realize the feds aren’t perfect – far from it as continued sewage pollution in tidal rivers shows, -but in my experience they have been more active than their provincial counterparts on industrial matters, at least in NB tidal waters. It was the feds who brought in the tighter regs in the 90s that helped clean up pulp and paper mill effluent — the mills just used to dump most of it directly into the sea. If I were an activist I’d be pushing the federal end of this. (I grew up in Dalhousie, NB, in the days when the NBIP newsprint mill burned coal with no scrubbers, and dumped all effluent untreated into the Baie des Chaleurs.)