1. Yarmouth ferry

A photo of the Alakai, the ship used for the Yarmouth ferry.
The Alakai. Photo: Halifax Examiner

“I could say I told them so — and I did, way back when ‘them’ was still Rodney Macdonald and his Tories, and from then on forward through Darrell Dexter and Stephen McNeil to whatever same-old-same-old will come next — but I’d have to stand in a too-long line behind all the other told-them-so nattering nabobs of negativism,” writes Stephen Kimber:

The fact the Yarmouth-Portland ferry is a bottomless subsidy suck that only seems to get deeper and suckier with each passing government has been a reality of political and economic life in Nova Scotia for more than a decade.

Click here to read “The Yarmouth ferry subsidy? Still? Still more? Always…”

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2. Allowed to be human

El Jones is a strong and brave woman. It takes a lot to put herself out there on political and social issues, and often it is returned in hate, and then it takes still more to talk about her personal experiences receiving that hate, but that she does, with a personal essay she wrote this weekend:

So naturally I don’t like it when people react by saying “ugh, here we go again. Another story about prison.” Or, even more commonly, “another story about race.” There she is, banging on about racism again. It’s not the criticism that gets me — you don’t go through graduate school in English without learning to take magnitudes more criticism than that — it’s the sense that what people are responding to is a particular image they have of the “angry Black woman.” That they truly believe that I write about prison or racism or injustice out of some perverse desire to be annoying, or to be an “SJW” or to “pull the race card” or “wallow in victimhood” or whatever narrative it is people are working from that allows you to make sense to them. And those are the mild criticisms, not the ones telling you to suck their dick and shut the fuck up you fucking cunt or calling you nigger or wishing lynching would come back.

El deals with this as well as anyone can, I think, and she explores her thought processes at length. It’s worth a read; click here for “I don’t want to be a role model, I just want to be allowed to be human.”

Even that heartfelt essay was met with hatred. After I published the piece, people wrote to me: “she’s a racist,” said several. “I had it worse,” said one. Another said (I’m paraphrasing) that El taking piano lessons as a child demonstrates that she didn’t have it all that bad, and after all, she has a white father (which she has written about in the past).

3. Restorative Justice workers set to strike

From a press release:

CUPE 4764 members, caseworkers employed by the Community Justice Society (CJS), are set to begin job action on July 30, after sending 48-hour strike notice to the Nova Scotia Minister of Labour and Advanced Education this morning. The strike will leave restorative justice clients and communities without options, and interrupt court dates.

A picket line will begin at 8 a.m. Monday at 1256 Barrington Street, Halifax. 

CUPE 4764 has been in negotiations with the employer since December 2017. The union applied for conciliation in June 2018. However, conciliation efforts have failed and on July 26 the membership voted unanimously to reject the employer’s final proposal.

“The main issue is wage parity. The union has identified a pay equity gap between restorative justice caseworkers and probation officers,” says CUPE National Representative Govind Rao. “The restorative justice caseworkers, who are paid about 56 per cent of what probation officers earn for doing similar work and requiring similar qualifications, are looking for 90 per cent of the wages that probation officers are paid.”

CUPE 4764 President Denise Russell points out that “probation officers are overwhelmingly male while restorative justice caseworkers are predominantly female. This is an old story and it’s time that government rewrote it.”

CTV adds:

The restorative justice program has been offered to youth over 12 in the legal system since 1999, but in 2016, Nova Scotia became the only province in the country to expand its restorative justice program to include adult offenders.

Workers say since then they have seen a large increase to their work loads, without an updated contract or increase in pay.

“In 2016 we saw 248 files; in 2017 we had 617 files, so it was a very significant increase, 149%,” says restorative justice caseworker Shila LeBlanc. “Really the workload itself has become a bit more complicated in terms of the situations we’re seeing, but it’s also so much more work for the exact same number of staff, with no additional funding whatsoever.”

4. Spring Garden Road

The city this morning issued a Request for Proposals (RFP) for planning and designing the Spring Garden Road streetscape makeover. The successful company will produce several design alternatives that will be tested with the public, resulting in a final design that, if timelines are met, will be adopted next June.

The “core study area” of the design is the entirety of Spring Garden Road, from Barrington Street to Robie Street, but the streetscaping itself will be from Queen Street (at the library) to Cathedral Lane (at Victoria Park).

The design must include:

• 2.1m minimum pedestrian clear zone (or more as needed);
• 150mm curb required for kneeling bus;
• Street furniture must be exceptionally robust;
• Transit passengers must have safe and comfortable access and egress to buses and bus stops;
• A durable, level surface free of surface irregularities is required in all pedestrian areas including transit stops;
• Streetlights will be Holophane Petchina from Barrington Street to South Park Street;
• Holophane Washington streetlight fixtures should be considered for South Park Street to Robie Street;
• HRM Emergency Services require 6m wide horizontal clearances for emergency vehicles (opening doors, setting down outriggers), and appropriate vertical clearance for ladders, large aerials, etc.
• 3.3 metre minimum lane widths (or more as needed).

The RFP makes no mention of a requirement for public washrooms or water fountains. There are washrooms at the canteen in the Public Gardens, but that is closed in the winter and may be perceived as a private space not open to the non-purchasing public. There are also washrooms in the Central Library. But so far as I can recall, there are no water fountains anywhere on Spring Garden Road, in Victoria Park, or in the Public Gardens.

5. Streetlights

The requirement for “Holophane Petchina” (sic) and “Holophane Washington” streetlights in the Spring Garden Road streetscaping RFP reflects an apparent city-wide standard. Holophane is a UK- and US-based company; in the RFP, “Petchina” is a misspelling of Holophane’s product line Pechina. The lights are shown in the graphic above.

There’s some interesting history to this.

In 2015, G.J. Cahill and Company was awarded a city contract to begin replacing all street lights with LED bulbs. In March 2017, an unbylined article in the Chronicle Herald (this was during the Herald strike) explained:

When the Cahill group was awarded the contract in 2015 the city allowed them [sic] to choose from four pre-approved suppliers. Of those four, LED Roadway originally was selected. Recently, however, Cahill decided to end that arrangement.

The suppliers in question are American companies Holophane, Phillips, and Cree, as well as Halifax’s LED Roadway. City documents show that this list was chosen from 11 competing suppliers. The selection was based on, among other things, the lifecycle of their products, prior experience and performance.

According to [then-city spokesperson Tiffany] Chase, the city could not comment on the decision to move fixture procurement outside the province, but the change was within guidelines.

LED Roadway Lighting’s headquarters are in the Bayers Lake Industrial Park in Halifax, but its manufacturing plant is in Amherst.

Two months later, in May 2017, the city issued a tender offer for five street lights around the Mary Ann building then under construction across from the library; the bulbs on the lights could be “‘Petchina’ [sic] Head Large or approved alternate,” which would presumably allow for the contractor to supply LED Roadway lights. But a month later, on June 5 2017, the city amended the tender offer:

There is no substitute for the Holophane products. The approved alternate option is retracted. All references to “Petchina” should read “Pechina”.

No explanation was provided for the change.

In 2015, LED Roadway Lighting secured a contract with the government of the Dominican Republic. From left to right: overnment Minister Bernard Valcourt; Marilyn Brito, project coordinator of Corporacion Dominicana de Empresas Electricas Estatales; and Chuck Cartmill, CEO of LED Roadway Lighting Ltd.

A week later, on June 13, 2017, LED Roadway Lighting laid off 45 workers at its Amherst plant, and the company has been in free-fall ever since. At the time of the layoffs, reported Jennifer Henderson for the Halifax Examiner:

… the provincial government’s stake in LED Roadway has grown to $22 million: $11 million in equity (converted to common shares in 2014 so LED could borrow money from banks more easily) as well as a $10 million loan guarantee, and a $1 million loan.

Was the loss of the ability to sell LED lamps to the HRM the cause of the dramatic decline of LED Roadway Lighting? I don’t know. The HRM contract could have provided as much as $37.5 million in business to LED Roadway Lighting, but I can’t assess how much of the company’s operations that represents.

As represented in tender documents, the city has all along had a preference for Holophane products, but it allowed for “approved alternatives,” which in the streetlighting switch-out project included products produced by two other firms (Phillips and Cree) in addition to LED Roadway Lighting’s fixtures.

It’s possible that, like Cahill before it, the city had some misgivings about LED Roadway Lighting’s products, but were that the case, why also decree that no other alternatives, from any company, would be allowed? Why not simply take the LED Roadway Lighting bulbs off the approved alternative list?

So far as I can tell, the “Redbook” for municipal design standards, which was adopted in 2013, is still the city’s defining design manual, and still sets the design standard for streetlights as follows:

Manufacturer: Holophane (or equivalent)

However, the entire design manual is being revisited in order to focus on the Spring Garden Road project.

Incidentally, earlier this month, LED Roadway Lighting filed a $1.38 million lawsuit against Alltrade Industrial Contractors, an Ontario firm. LED Roadway alleges that Alltrade failed to pay for streetlighting bulbs and fixtures it had supplied to Alltrade as part of a streetlighting project in Sault Ste. Marie. Alltrade is the contractor for the project, which is overseen by the Public Utility Commission of Sault Ste. Marie.

Chuck Cartmill, the founder of LED Roadway Lighting, is from Sault Ste. Marie.

I often feel like there’s a bunch of stuff going on in the background of these public contracting issues that we never hear about.




Halifax and West Community Council (Monday, 6pm, City Hall) — the council is being asked to approve a gigantic development proposal for the corner of Windsor and Young Streets from WM Fares. It includes two towers, of 24 and 18 storeys, and a three- to five-story commercial building. I don’t think anyone much objects to all the tall towers going up along the Young corridor, but what I see so far is uninspired, with parking lots fronting the street and no allowance (that I’m aware of) for any area parks or greenspaces that aren’t essentially privatized (as in rooftop gardens). We’re in danger of the entire northern chunk of the peninsula becoming a traffic and aesthetic mess (not that it’s great the way it is), but I’m sure the Centre Plan will solve everything, right?


City Council (Tuesday, 10am, City Hall) — it looks like it’s going to be a long and boring meeting; I’ll dive more into it tomorrow.



No public meetings.


Human Resources (Tuesday, 10am, One Government Place) — a per diem meeting.

On campus



No public events.


Thesis Defence, Physics and Atmospheric Science (Tuesday, 9am, Room 3107, Mona Campbell Building) — PhD candidate Stephen Glazier will defend his ​​thesis, “Isothermal Microcalorimetry as a Tool to Probe Parasitic Reactions in Lithium-Ion Cells​.”

In the harbour

6am: Bomar Rebecca, container ship, arrives at Pier 41 from Philipsburg, Sint Maarten
8am: Maasdam, cruise ship with up to 1,510 passengers, arrives at Pier 22 from Bar Harbor
8am: IT Intrepid, cable layer, arrives at Pier 9 from Kiel, Denmark
11am: Atlantic Sun, container ship, arrives at Fairview Cove from Liverpool, England
Noon: East Coast, oil tanker, arrives at Irving Oil from Saint John
4:30pm: Bomar Rebecca, container ship, sails from Pier 41 for Palm Beach, Florida
5:30pm: Maasdam, cruise ship, sails from Pier 22 for Sydney
6pm: Atlantic Sun, container ship, sails from Fairview Cove for New York
10pm: Cielo Di Gaspesie, bulker, arrives at berth TBD from Port-Daniel, Quebec


Because I’m old and tired and uninspired and in need of a vacation, I couldn’t get around to writing about this or this or this today. But even if I were young and energetic and enthusiastic, I’d have no desire to write about this or this.

Tim Bousquet is the editor and publisher of the Halifax Examiner. Twitter @Tim_Bousquet Mastodon

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  1. I remember when most cities had public washrooms. I remember being with my Dad and using the underground one in Phillips Square in downtown Montreal in the 1960s, which was long ago filled in with dirt and the entrances converted to flower beds. It was elegant enough to have an attendant. The various city parks also had public washrooms, which in Montreal were called vespasiennes (or less elegantly, pissoirs). Some of these still stand but have been converted to other uses. When I lived in Windsor, street work dug up an underground concrete chamber which the workers first thought was part of a nearby bank, but turned out to have been a long-forgotten underground washroom.

    It seems to have been some time in the 1970s when municipalities got rid of public washrooms. I remember them being there, and then they were all gone and we had to go to private businesses like McDonald’s or Tim Horton’s or gas stations. It would be nice if municipalities went back to providing public washrooms.

    BTW, some of these public toilets were pay-to-use, which helped finance their upkeep. It is where we got the expression “drop a dime”, although you don’t hear that much any more…

    1. According to Google, the phrase “dropping a dime” appeared in early detective novels in reference to someone “dropping a dime” into a payphone slot to make a call (typically, to the police to rat out or snitch on some criminal activity). It’s used more often now to refer to a basketball player passing the ball to a teammate for a basket.

      An old joke my father told me concerns an apocryphal town council debating the construction of a public urinal near the town square. One wise councillor suggested, “If we’re going to building a urinal, we might as well build an arsenal, too.”

      1. I only knew it in the toilet sense, ie “No. 2” — urinals were free, but if you wanted a toilet, you had to put a dime into the little device to unlock the door. Hence “dropping a dime” meant you had to have a poop. I assume they charged for the toilets because they required more cleaning than the urinals.

    2. It seems like the problem was losing the attendants. I would think you would need them in most places so people don’t shoot up in or otherwise misuse the facilities.

      $0.10 in 1970 is worth $0.66 today, if you want to get pedantic, you can buy a timbit for less than that, therefore becoming a paying customer and can use the facilities at a Tim Hortons.

      1. I was going to mention that nobody has ever complained at Tim Horton’s or McDonald’s about me going in to use the facilities and not buying anything. I assume that the idea is you are a past and/or potentially future customer, so it is worth providing you the service to keep your goodwill.

        1. There’s also a major gas station chain which advertises that it has nice no-purchase-needed restrooms.

          1. Last time in Hunter River,PEI the Irving gas station had a fabulously clean washroom.and an all round very clean and well kept place.

  2. There is at least one drinking water fountain in Public Gardens between the gazebo and the pond, but it looks really old and I suspect it is filter-less.

  3. Is the yarmouth ferrrie article posted ,i just get a page asking me to subscibe ?

    1. There have been a handful of these problems, but they only affect a very few. I suspect you have an old browser? Try deleting your cookies and try again, or go to the homepage and get in that way (it’s the second article). Tech guy says he doesn’t see any obvious problem, but he’s still looking.

  4. At the least the Windsor / Young proposal is better than some of the others, for exactly the reasons you list:

    a) parking lots facing the street – as you can see from the image you’ve included, that’s not the case here.
    b) public space that isn’t (and doesn’t feel) essentially privatized – This proposal includes a ground-level “plaza” and looks like it will be the obvious short-cut through for people walking along Young who want to continue down Bayers. I hope there end up being as much (or more!) greenery as they have in that sketch. If so, it will be much better than the ones that have gone up so far.