Before we get to the Morning File, big congrats to the Halifax Examiner team for five (count’ em, five!) Atlantic Journalism Award nominations.

We get two nominations in the “Excellence in Digital Journalism: Breaking News” category, one for the team as a whole for mass murder coverage, the other for Yvette d’Entremont’s body of work in covering the pandemic.

Joan Baxter’s three-part series “Port Wallace Gamble” is up for “Excellence in Digital Journalism: Enterprise/Longform” and Rob Csernyik gets a nod in the “Business Reporting: Any Medium” category for his piece “The Casino Crapshoot.”

And Stephen Kimber is nominated for “Shopping while strolling” in the “Commentary: Any Medium” category.

Congrats to all.

1.  Signs of hope: COVID-19 numbers drop

Photo: Martin Sanchez/Unsplash

The Halifax Examiner is providing all COVID-19 coverage for free. Please help us continue this coverage by subscribing.

I was on a Zoom call yesterday, and before our meeting started, people were talking about — what else — the pandemic and our experiences of it. A few participants mentioned how they start refreshing whatever feed they are looking at around 1pm each day, waiting for the latest numbers. It’s hard to work when you’re waiting, waiting, wondering what kind of news you are going to be hit with. One person said she walks her dog at Point Pleasant Park midday and passersby regularly ask each other, “Are the numbers out yet?” or “Do you know what the numbers are for today?”

One measure of the seemingly near-infinite adaptability of human beings is how we react with relief to something that not long ago would have horrified us. Take, for instance, the number 91. That’s the number of new COVID-19 cases recorded by Nova Scotia yesterday. A month ago, this would have been a disaster. Today, it is cause for some relief. We are back in double digits!

Tim Bousquet brings us his daily COVID-19 roundup, with the latest on the numbers, yesterday’s briefing, vaccination progress, exposure sites, and more.

Here is the graph of new daily cases since the start of the pandemic. As you can see, we are still far above where we were during previous outbreaks, but the trend line looks promising. And now that people age 30 and over can book vaccination appointments, it really is starting to feel like the end of the pandemic may be in sight. We just need to hang in a little longer. (You can book an appointment here.)

One concern is an increase in the number of cases of unknown origin — ie, likely community spread — in the Bridgewater area, the Annapolis Valley, and Sydney. If you live in these areas, the province is urging you to get tested.

One of the people taking part in yesterday’s provincial briefing was Nova Scotia Health CEO Dr. Brendan Carr. A number of people who were in non-COVID units of the Halifax infirmary have tested positive for COVID-19 and been moved to the COVID unit, and nobody seems to know the source of the infection. Since SARS-C0V-2, the virus that causes the disease, has now been recognized to be airborne (in other words, it can float in the air in tiny droplets and does not simply fall to the ground) it seems reasonable to wonder if inadequate ventilation could be leading to infections. Bousquet asked Carr about that. Here is his response:

The ventilation question really depends upon where you are in the Infirmary. There are two or three different forms of ventilation — there’s positive pressure and negative pressure — and so we have a number of different formats depending for where we are. Generally speaking, the acute care units are regular ventilation. And there is less isolation there. Now, that being said, if you look at the kind of the physical changes that we’ve made to our units since the start of the pandemic in many of our units, we’ve actually created barriers — not so much changing the ventilation, but creating physical barriers between spaces — so that we could limit spread.

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2. Anyone gathering for any reason can now expect to be arrested

Halifax Regional Police vehicle guarding by a path connecting to the back of the Findlay Centre in Dartmouth. Photo: Zane Woodford Credit: Zane Woodford

At yesterday’s virtual board of police commissioners meeting, Halifax Regional Police chief Dan Kinsella addressed the question of the provincial injunction against public gatherings.

Zane Woodford covered the meeting for the Examiner, and he reports that the police are taking a broad interpretation of the injunction.

In response to a question from Councillor Lindell Smith, Kinsella said:

“My interpretation of the injunction is that it applies to any gathering, subject to all the rules that are in the injunction itself, that may occur anywhere in the province that are in contravention of the public health protocols and restrictions and was not strictly related to the planned event.”

The police, he noted, “do not give permission for rallies or protests or demonstrations.”

Woodford adds:

Smith also asked city solicitor Marty Ward for his thoughts on the injunction.

“The instigation for the injunction application was that particular rally, but it has a broader application, which is so the province wouldn’t have to come running back to the courts on a repeating basis,” Ward said.

“If someone, some group wants to know whether they think they’d be in violation of the restrictions, then they should be contacting [Chief Medical Officer of Health] Dr. [Robert] Strang’s office for direction.”

When the anti-maskers held a rally on Citadel Hill May 1, within sight of the Halifax Regional Police headquarters, there was widespread social media outrage that the police did not arrest any of the participants. A later police statement that seemed to imply the police had worked with the organizers on ensuring the rally took place safely led to further outrage.

So there was a lot of relief in some circles when the province announced it was cracking down. But injunctions and laws don’t just apply to those you don’t like.

As Martha Paynter pointed out in her Examiner commentary yesterday:

[Nova Scotia Premier Iain] Rankin sought the injunction not because banning protests is a proven epidemiological strategy to contain disease transmission, but because he believed it to be politically expedient. He is precariously situated as a new leader in a crisis time, facing election within the next few months, and is trying to do whatever he can to continue in his role.

People — many of whom would describe themselves as progressive — who called for policing of anti-maskers must accept that policing will not just target those who are so privileged that masks are the hill they choose to die on.. The injunction, like many things this pandemic, was hastily conceived, and can and should be reversed. It is OK to be wrong and change course.

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3.  Report? What report?

Former Examiner writer Erica Butler, who now makes her home in Sackville, NB, points to this CBC story about missing Serious Incident Response Team reports. On Twitter, Butler wrote:

This is outrageous. Would love to read the communications policy for NB RCMP… Picturing it is just one word: No.

The story, by Shane Magee, leads with this:

For the second time in two years, the RCMP says it can’t find a report by an independent agency examining shootings by officers in the Moncton-area.

Because New Brunswick does not have an agency to investigate police shootings, and so calls on Nova Scotia’s SIRT or  Quebec investigators.

CBC tried to find out the results of investigations into two shootings by New Brunswick RCMP — one fatal — last year.

Magee writes:

The Nova Scotia agency said it couldn’t release the findings and had submitted its reports to the RCMP. In both cases, the RCMP refused to voluntarily disclose SIRT’s findings, leaving it unclear for more than a year whether the shootings were considered justified.

Both times, the Mounties told CBC News to file access to information requests to get the results of the investigations. Months later, the force said it couldn’t find the two reports.

“Unfortunately, we were unable to locate the records which respond to your request,” the RCMP wrote to CBC in a letter received last week about the report into the fatal shooting.

So SIRT is asked to investigate, does so, but is not allowed to release the results. It sends the report to the RCMP in New Brunswick, who then tell journalists they can’t find it and to file an access to information request if they want to see it.

One report, Magee writes:

…examined the circumstances of a Codiac Regional RCMP member who shot a woman in Dieppe near the airport after she fired an airsoft gun at first responders on Jan. 5, 2019.

After SIRT’s report on that shooting was given to RCMP, the force told CBC to file an access to information request. That resulted in the Mounties saying the report couldn’t be found in Nova Scotia or New Brunswick.

Great accountability here.

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4. Algae could replace wild-caught fish as salmon feed. Maybe. At some point.

Underwater photo taken in an aquaculture cage with high densities of fish. Courtesy Atlantic Salmon Federation (ASF)

One of the catastrophic results of salmon farming is the number of wild-caught fish that are scooped out of the ocean to feed penned-in salmon and other farmed fish.

A recent New Yorker story on the costs of aquaculture notes:

The biggest challenge to farming fish is feeding them. Food constitutes roughly seventy per cent of the industry’s overhead, and so far the only commercially viable form is fish meal. About a quarter of all fish caught globally at sea end up as fish meal, produced by factories like those on the Gambian coast. Perversely, the aquaculture farms that yield some of the most popular seafood, such as carp, salmon, or European sea bass, actually consume more fish than they ship to supermarkets and restaurants. Before it gets to market, a “ranched” tuna can eat more than fifteen times its weight in free-roaming fish that has been converted to fish meal. Researchers have identified various potential alternative food sources—including seaweed, cassava waste, soldier-fly larvae, single-cell proteins produced by fungi and bacteria, and even human sewage — but none are being produced affordably at scale. So, for now, fish meal it is.

Paul Withers has a story at CBC today about one possible alternative: tank-grown marine algae.

A company called Mara Renewables is experimenting with the algae. It’s owned by John Risley, who, surprise, surprise, made waves recently by calling the current state of salmon farming unsustainable.

Withers writes:

Mara Renewables takes micro algae from the Bay of Fundy, ferments and grows it in large tanks and then extracts the oils.

“We take the view feeding fish with fish is not only not sustainable, but in doing so, it is a huge barrier to growth of the aquaculture industry,” Risley said in an email to CBC News.

He notes, dryly, that Risley didn’t disclose his own interest when he wrote an opinion piece in Atlantic Business on the unsustainability of salmon farming:

Risley neglected to mention Mara Renewables has developed a product that will address a sustainability concern he raised.

Asked about the omission, Risley said his op-ed was not about self-promotion [insert laugh track] and Mara is not yet supplying the aquaculture sector.

Is marine algae a viable solution? Who knows. The key, as always, will be cost and scalability.

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5. Border controls? What border controls?

Photo from the first day the Atlantic Bubble opened last year. This is the Trans Canada Highway at the Nova Scotia/New Brunswick border. Photo: Darlene Singh

At SaltWire, Andrew Rankin writes (without saying as much) that Nova Scotia’s border controls were a joke until more than a year into the pandemic.

Conservation officers were placed at the border, but had few powers. Not only that, but an anonymous government source tells Rankin they were ordered to not turn anyone away.

Rankin writes:

“You’d be shocked, Nova Scotians would be shocked with the number of people we’ve been letting into Nova Scotia,” said the government employee.  “We’re talking thousands and thousands and thousands of people.”

He said he believes the provincial government has misled Nova Scotians into believing there has been meaningful border enforcement… The province sent conservation officers to the border soon after the pandemic began in March 2020. Then-premier Stephen McNeil committed to closely monitoring the interprovincial boundary. But up until a few weeks ago gun-carrying officers were there only for show, the government worker said. The hope was that the sight of uniforms might somehow convince visitors to obey the province’s 14-day self-quarantine policy.

He said that in the months leading up to the recent border restrictions, hundreds of people from provinces beset by widespread COVID outbreaks including Ontario and Quebec flooded into Nova Scotia. He said many would openly tell border officials that they were coming here specifically because the province had so few cases. Others came to shop.

Blaming travel can be a red herring. Look at Ontario, where Doug Ford keeps banging on about travel as a way to blame the federal government, while the province’s own data show only a minute number of infections are travel-related. But in Nova Scotia for much of the pandemic, case numbers were so low that travel was a significant driver. (Our cases per 100,000 are now higher than Quebec’s.)

Now I feel like a sucker for assiduously filling out my forms online before heading back from PEI last summer and feeling stressed out that the rest of our party had not. We were just waved through.

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Sign from the New Navarino Cafe. Image: Montreal Signs Project

I have a fondness for signs. Here in my home office I have a sign with an arrow reading “Junior School Office” that I took from my elementary/high school, a handmade shooting range warning sign from a summer camp, and a Russian fire exit sign that I got from someone working on the set of a TV show for which I was an extra. (By the way, I wasn’t endangering anyone’s safety by taking the shooting range sign. I took it after it was replaced with another, more appropriate one.)

So I was delighted yesterday when I came across The Montreal Signs Project, housed at Concordia University. The project website includes photos of the signs (“the industrial, commercial, and civic detritus that, due to neglect or apathy, would otherwise be lost forever”) and discusses their history, provenance and significance. The signs themselves form part of a permanent exhibition on the university’s Loyola campus.

I think of signs almost as a form of ephemera — although some are obviously very large and permanent-seeming. I like this description of the importance of signs from the project’s “About” page:

Montréal, like most cities, is in a constant state of flux: evolving bylaws and planning regulations; the shifting identities and socioeconomic fortunes of individuals and neighbourhoods; the ebb and flow of certain stores, cafés, restaurants, cinemas, and clubs, through renovation or reinvention. All these changes are sooner or later signalled through the sudden removal or appearance of commercial and civic signs…

The resonance of the project is evident in the reactions of visitors: recognizing particular signs, they instantly offer up stories about their childhoods, their families, their student days, their old neighbourhoods, or a significant life event. Sometimes the signs draw attention because of the way they were designed and made, and they often bear the residual marks of those largely anonymous workers. All in all, we have much to learn from our city’s old signs.

Sign saying Monsieur Hot Dog
Monsieur Hot Dog. Image: Montreal Sign Project

There are a few signs in the collection that resonate for me (Hello, Monsieur Hot Dog), not because there is anything particularly remarkable about them, but because they were such a fixture in my life. I passed that place on the bus all the time. Sometimes I’d stop in and get a hot dog or fries. If I passed that corner now (it’s a Dagwood’s sandwich shop) I would be hard-pressed to remember what used to be there. But seeing the sign brings back a whole array of memories.

Some of the signs in the collection are starting points to discuss local characters and their stories. Others are interesting in and of themselves, like the New Navarino Café sign at the top of this segment. The New Navarino is in a part of town that used to be very Greek, so we would see it when my mum took us shopping to the Greek stores: We’d do the tour of bakeries, bookshops, groceries, and so on. Here’s what the project says about this sign:

In Fall 2011, Peter Tsatoumas, the owner of the Navarino Café, very kindly donated his amazing, iconic sign to the Montréal Signs Project. As is often the case with businesses in Montréal, he took the sign down a few years ago while renovating his busy café—and then the city stopped him putting it back up because it didn’t conform to the current bylaws.

We were only too happy to accept the sign: it’s a remarkable example of mid-century sign kitsch, not to mention a well-loved Mile End landmark. It’s actually two-sided: one fascia is very much more faded than the other; both sides had been hit with thick, purple graffiti while in situ. We offered to clean the whole thing, and then return the less-faded side for display inside the café. After a lot of experimentation with cloths, scrapers, and chemicals, we were able to completely remove the graffiti.

Signs signal so much, including era and status. Take a look at the Coach House restaurant sign from Toronto. (It’s at Yonge and Wellesley.)

Sign saying Coach House Tavern Restaurant
Sign outside the Coach House in Toronto. Photo: Philip Moscovitch

You know what you’re going to get here, just by looking at the sign, right? You’re going to get a big, greasy breakfast, probably for under 10 bucks. You may regret it later, but it will be wonderful at the time.

The Halifax Municipal Archives have a Flickr album called “Halifax Scenes: Businesses and Buildings,” which is full of classic retail signs. Some signs are notable because they advertise services that are no longer common (or may not even exist).  Not much call for hides, skins, and tallow downtown these days.

Small two-storey wooden building with various signs.
Building at 65 Upper Water, Halifax. Photo: Halifax Municipal Archives

Others are evocative for a whole host of reasons. I imagine some of you will look at this and still be able to taste Camille’s Fish & Chips.

The Camille’s Fish and Chips building. Photo: Halifax Municipal Archives

Some signs are part of the municipal landscape for decades … until they’re not. Texaco? Oh yeah, Texaco. What happened to Texaco?

Texaco gas station
Photo: Halifax Municipal Archives

And then, of course, there’s the Morse Teas sign.

Photo: Halifax Municipal Archives

When building owners Starfish Properties painted over the sign on the heritage building in 2012, there was enough of an outcry that the matter came up at Halifax Council.

A staff report brought to council at the time argues:

The painted signs are character-defining elements that strongly contribute to the heritage value of the building. Staff have discussed this with the building owner who does not share this opinion but, instead, believes that permission was not required prior to undertaking the painting of the signs. Additionally, the owner has indicated that he intends to take no further action at this time relative to the remaining white bands.

The Morse’s Tea building on Google Street View.

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Premier Iain Rankin shares his daily schedule on Twitter, which is good, but always calls it his “itinerary.” I was starting to wonder if I’d misunderstood the meaning of itinerary all these years. Itinerary is a word related to travel, is it not? I went to look it up.

Collins: “An itinerary is a plan of a journey, including the route and the places that you will visit.”


1: the route of a journey or tour or the proposed outline of one
2: a traveler’s guidebook
3: a travel diary

Shorter OED: “Of or pertaining to a journey, travelling, or a route.”

Here is today’s “itinerary.”

Maybe going to Point Pleasant Park constitutes a journey, but “departmental briefings”?

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Halifax Regional Council (Tuesday, 10am) — livestreamed on YouTube, with captioning on a text-only site


Audit and Finance Standing Committee (Wednesday, 10am) — livestreamed on YouTube



Veterans Affairs (Tuesday, 2pm) — video conference: “Impacts of COVID-19 and Funding Challenges,” with Mike Gingell from Paws Fur Thought

On campus



No events


Caregiver Support Group (Wednesday, 12pm) — online meeting

Care Options for Older Adults (Wednesday, 1pm) — online presentation:

As our population ages, many of us are faced with trying to navigate services and programs for an aging loved one or member of our community. This presentation will help you understand, navigate and access the options for senior care that are available through government programs, community resources, and private companies. This webinar will include an overview of Continuing Care Programs; public and private home-care options; public and private long-term care and assisted living; and planning for staying at home.

Open Dialogue Live: Climate Law & Human Rights (Wednesday, 6:30pm) — Sara Seck from the Schulich School of Law will talk:

Climate change is happening now. While careful planning for adaptation to climate change can reduce harm, there are increasing examples of climate loss and damage to people and planet both in Canada and around the globe. How can climate law and human rights approaches to litigation help to reduce and remedy climate harms for present and future generations to come?

Saint Mary’s


No events


Unpacking the Term ‘Asian’: Challenges and Solidarities (Wednesday, 5:30pm) — virtual roundtable event

features faculty, students, and community members exploring what it means to be “Asian” at this moment, in Canada, and in the world. Panelists will discuss some of the ways that this general term might obscure the many kinds of conflicts and differences within and among South, Southeast, East Asian, and Pacific Islander communities. The panel will also explore the kinds of solidarities and coalitions that are possible among Asians and with other communities. These issues are especially important as we witness the rise of anti-Asian racism and violence in connection with COVID-19 in Canada and the US.

Panel includes Bethany M. Iyoupe, Sailaja Krishnamurti, Nick Dzuy ‘GenNew” Nguyen, and Xiaoping Sun, with moderator Rohini Bannerjee.

In the harbour

05:30: Tannhauser, car carrier, arrives at Autoport from Southampton, England
15:00: MSC Alyssa, container ship, arrives at Pier 42 from Valencia, Spain
21:00: CMA CGM Marco Polo, container ship, sails from Pier 41 for New York

Cape Breton
No arrivals or departures

The Marco Polo made er, waves yesterday as the largest container ship to ever call at the Port of Halifax pulled in. Here’s a photo tweeted by Brett Ruskin of the CBC.

Large container ship at dusk, with lighthouse in the foreground.
The Marco Polo arrives in Halifax. Photo: Brett Ruskin


A really interesting podcast I worked on as a producer is set to launch this week, and I’m really excited about it. I’ll tell you more when it’s out. Enjoy the beautiful day.

Support the Examiner: Please subscribe, or drop us a donation. Thanks!

Philip Moscovitch is a freelance writer, audio producer, fiction writer, and editor of Write Magazine.

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  1. When I returned to Nova Scotia from Ontario in September, I did not have my paperwork as I mistakenly assumed being let into the Atlantic bubble in New Brunswick would be sufficient. I was politely but firmly asked to complete the paperwork, and the officer reviewed all conditions of quarantine with me. I was later contacted by phone to check for symptoms and review the conditions of quarantine. I believe there was meaningful enforcement at least some of the time.

    1. I would worry less about the border with New Brunswick and more about the one at the airport. Tim’s listing yesterday included 19 flights with active exposure warnings.

    1. Interesting find about the word “itineary”. Through my work career, we always used that to identify our work and meeting schedule. Guess we were wrong … or were we as those itinearies were journeys that never went where we planned.

  2. I would say Martha Paynter is anything but “spot on” in her opinion piece. It’s just the old slippery slope argument – appeals to the emotion of fear with the complete absence of any evidence. These people disserve to be ticketed, and even suffer jail time if they persist in these activities. They are potentially endangering public health, and all societies have always had the complete right to curtail such activities when health is at stake. Community transmission appears to be widespread in Halifax, but unfortunately, some people don’t seem to get the message. Come on folks, a temporary injunction to stop these activities won’t lead to the sky falling.

    1. Thank you! I’m pretty sure I knew someone who worked at the Neon Museum for a summer, but I can’t remember who it was. Or maybe it’s not someone I know, but someone I heard? Geez. Going to bug me now.

  3. Congrats to the Halifax Examiner for the Atlantic Journalism Awards nominations – well deserved! Great to see this.

  4. Martha Paynter is spot-on as usual in her warning about giving police power to do anything; one day it will be you in their sights. Yes, anti-maskers are idiots, but arrests and jail, come on. Progressives (like me) need to remember this the next time the police show up to a global warning rally or BLM protest to “protect the public safety”. This point is elemental. Safeguards to ensure freedom (of speech, association, etc…) must apply equally to everyone, even idiots.