1. Pre-election spending

Jennifer Henderson has begun combing through provincial press releases to build a weekly scorecard of pre-election spending announcements from the McNeil government. We’ll continue to run this until an election is called. (I’ll update it with previous weeks’ announcements as well.)

Government Pre-Election Spending Announcements  (April 3- April 10)

2. Court Watch

This week, Examiner court columnist Christina Macdonald looks at the cases of Victoria Henneberry, who is appealing her conviction in the murder of Loretta Saunders, and of Lindsay Souvannarath, who has unexpectedly pleaded guilty to charges related to a plot of mass murder at the Halifax Shopping Centre.

Macdonald also reviews a decision that keeps a young offender imprisoned in an adult prison and a heart-wrenching story about a family fight over a veteran’s last words.

Click here to read “Court Watch: Victoria Henneberry and Lindsay Souvannarath.”

This article is behind the Examiner’s paywall and so available only to paid subscribers. Click here to purchase a subscription.

3. Not perfect

Halifax Poet Laureate Rebecca Thomas read a poem at yesterday’s council meeting:

YouTube video

4. Speed limits

Also at yesterday’s meeting, council agreed to ask the province to lower the default speed limit in residential areas across the province to 40 kilometres per hour.

Examiner transportation columnist Erica Butler discussed the initiative a couple of weeks ago.

People get worked up about speed limits, so I don’t know that the province will take any action on the request. Even if it does, cities and towns would be able to have higher speed limits by signing each road.

As Butler pointed out, one weird bit of the Motor Vehicles Act mandates a lower speed limit when church is letting out and near crossings for electric railways:

Another section of the code sets out speed limits in school zones, but then, weirdly, says by how much it is legal to break those limits:


1. Do transit pass incentive programs work?

In light of the demise of the federal transit pass tax credit, Erica Butler asks whether such transit incentive programs actually work. Specifically, she looks at three local programs: The U-Pass for university students, the E-Pass that businesses can purchase for their workers, and the Low Income Transit Pass.

Click here to read “Do transit pass incentive programs work?”

This article is behind the Examiner’s paywall and so available only to paid subscribers. Click here to purchase a subscription.

2. Humiliation as a business model

John DeMont channels, well, me:

The delights of air travel multiply daily: the airport strip searches, the knees-under-your-chin seating, the tepid spirits, the recycled air that carries every manner of plague.


[Taking the train] seems like the civilized, patient way to see this country. But what isn’t compared to being crammed into a metal tube that an errant bird flying into an engine could send plummeting earthward.

An American friend pointed out to me yesterday that, unlike in her youth, people no longer dress up to fly. I responded:

Mostly people are just more casual nowadays, but a contributing explanation for why people dress down on planes is that you’re going to be crunched up, twisted, pressed in your seat, with your knees in your chest, and very likely the plane will be 80 degrees and everyone is sweating like a pig, and there’s a good chance because people are crammed in like sardines someone is going to spill a drink on you, and good lord, if you go to the toilet you’ll need a hazmat suit… why the hell should anyone dress up for that?

The violent ejection of David Dao from a United flight is the logical result of an industry that has over decades continually debased and dehumanized its customers. There is no such thing as “customer service” in the airline industry, and in fact profit is dependent on how forcefully companies can exert power over their customers, fitting them into ever-tinier spaces with ever-more-restricted routing options and ever-reduced interaction with actual human beings.

The entire point of flying appears to be to humiliate the customer. You can’t even buy a ticket from an actual human airline agent; instead, you have to swim through a dozen web pages, each trying to upsell you (on my latest purchase, the proposed “flight insurance” cost more than the flight itself), and now we’re told that if you don’t purchase a seat assignment, a thug might come and drag you off the plane after you’ve boarded. At the airport, there will be a dozen ticket agents behind a counter, whose job appears to be to tell you to go purchase a ticket at the kiosk out in the lobby, then laugh at you for not being able to work it correctly. And what? You expect someone to place your luggage on the belt for you? Yeah, good luck with that. Then there’s security, where you’re stripped down to your socks and your naughty bits are fondled and photographed by perverts, the images no doubt landing on a dark web site for anthropophagolagnians. And we’re supposedly a democratic society where everyone is equal and we all pretend to be middle class, but when it comes to getting on the tube of death we’re divided strictly by purchasing power and then boarding proceeds ritualistically — common sense and actual studies say people should just get on the plane when they’re ready to get on, but instead the very wealthiest are put on the front of the plane first so they can see lesser citizens parade in front of them; but for the lesser citizens, the logic is reversed: the plane loads from the back forward. Then you sit on the tarmac for 45 minutes going nowhere, evidently just to show you that they can. Then there’s the flight itself, an exercise in sadomasochism too terrifying to relate in a family news site like this one.

All of which is to say, if you want to date the collapse of civilization, the ejection of David Dao is a pretty good data point, as it’s another moment when we gave up any notion that a person’s humanity should be respected.

3. Cranky letter of the day

To the Cape Breton Post:

First off, let me state that I’m not against the New Dawn Centre for Social Innovation receiving $3.2 million from the provincial government this week, even though it’s a pretty blatant vote grab.

In the grand scheme of things, it’s a pretty good vote grab and probably better than a lot of other initiatives the provincial government could throw money at.

The people at New Dawn worked hard for that money by writing proposals, making phone calls and publicizing their need to renovate their facilities.

But here’s the problem, and it has bothered me ever since they installed those ‘Arts and Culture’ banners on every telephone pole downtown.

I know artists around here — painters, film-makers, theatre producers and musicians — and they hardly ever see a cent from government arts Initiatives in Cape Breton.

It’s difficult to be an artist anywhere, but it’s next to impossible to do it in Sydney. The actors I perform with at the Highland Arts Theatre (HAT) are cooks, government workers, teachers and any other profession that allows people to rehearse at the theatre until 11 p.m. Even though the HAT goes out of its way to pay their actors, performing in Cape Breton has always been more of a sacrifice than a profession.

Here’s something you might not know. The Highland Arts Theatre is a not-for-profit organization but if Kevin Colford wasn’t constantly pumping his own money into that theatre and Wesley Colford wasn’t working for next to nothing it would probably close next year. The HAT gets no government funding, even though it might be the single most important change to the arts and culture scene in Sydney within the past five years.

And what will this $3.2 million to New Dawn pay for? A new elevator and the refurbishing of classroom to create studios that Sydney artists will still be hard pressed to afford. This money will go to contractors, drywall and roofing, leaving Sydney artists as starving as they were before.

There is a disconnect, and I know what it is. While New Dawn has employees on salary who are trained and qualified to write government proposals, our artists are concentrating on other endeavors, such as creating art.

When government funding is this important to an economy, the government funding becomes an economy and artists are severely outgunned when it comes to competing for this ever-valuable Cape Breton resource.

Rory Andrews, Sydney


“Despite decades of global efforts towards climate policies, clean energy and efficiency, CO2 levels continue to rise and are actually accelerating upwards,” writes Barry Saxifrage for the National Observer:

For those of us hoping for signs of climate progress, this most critical and basic climate data is bitter news indeed. It shows humanity racing ever more rapidly into a full-blown crisis for both our climate and our oceans.

Saxifrage reviews the latest CO2 data released by the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and builds the chart above. He explains:

Here’s my next chart showing atmospheric carbon dioxide as a solid blue line. Just for interest, I’ve also included a series of dotted lines showing how quickly CO2 was increasing in each of the last few decades. I’ve extended each of those out to 2030 so you can see at a glance how the CO2 curve keeps bending relentlessly upwards, decade after decade.

Every major nation in the world has agreed that climate change must be limited to a maximum of +2oC in global warming. Beyond that point we risk destabilizing droughts, floods, mega-storms, heat waves, food shortages, climate extremes and irreversible tipping points. The best climate science says that staying below +2oC means we can’t exceed 450 ppm of CO2.

At the top of the chart I’ve highlighted this critical climate ‘guardrail’ of 450 ppm as a red line.

Notice how much faster we are approaching that danger line as the decades go by. Back in 1970, it seemed we had more than a century and a half to get a grip on climate pollution because CO2 was increasing much more slowly. But at our current rate we will blow through that guardrail in just 18 years. And, as we’ve seen, our “current rate” keeps accelerating.

Our foot-dragging at reducing climate pollution has left us in a dangerous situation with little time left to act. We’ve spent decades accelerating CO2 emissions to unprecedented extremes. We’ve blown our chance to deal gracefully with the climate and ocean crisis.

Saxifrage goes on to discuss the many international conferences (shown at the bottom of his chart) called to deal with climate change, none of which resulted in slowing the relentless increase in CO2 concentrations. Importantly, he notes that Canada is doing nothing to address the problem, and in fact is planning to increase its extraction of fossil fuels, further increasing CO2 in the atmosphere.




Special Accessibility Advisory Committee Meeting (Wednesday, 4pm, City Hall) — a special meeting called for the Accessibility Town Hall Meeting.

Regional Watersheds Advisory Board (Wednesday, 5pm, Alderney Public Library) — Hamton Holdings (president is Ralph Hamilton, who also controls Valhalla Holding Company) wants to build a gas station at the corner of Duke Street and Damascus Road in Bedford, and wants the required environmental setback from a wetland reduced from 100 feet to 50 feet.


Investment Policy Advisory Committee (Thursday, 12pm, City Hall) — whoever puts together the agenda wants the committee to read something about how inflation is the worst thing ever. This worries me.



Public Accounts (Wednesday, 9am, Province House) — follow-up questions on the February report of the Auditor General on Health Care Funding.


No public meetings until next Wednesday.

On campus



Crowdfunding (Wednesday, 9am, Weather Watch Room, Dixon Building) — Eric Fisher will speak on “Innovation Rounds – Crowdfunding for Research.”

I’ve Been Everywhere, Man (Wednesday, 8:30am, Theatre B, Tupper Medical Building) — Alice Aiken will speak about “Oh, The Places I’ve Been.”

MIM Research Project Presentations (Wednesday, 10:45am, Room 5001, Kenneth C. Rowe Management Building) — students from the Master of Information Management (MIM) capstone course will present their research projects in a poster session.

GlpG Rhomboid Protease (Wednesday, 4pm, Theatre A, Sir Charles Tupper Medical Building) — Natalie K. Goto will speak on “Interplay Between Dynamics, Gating and Catalysis in the Membrane Revealed in the GlpG Rhomboid Protease.”

Soft Architecture (Wednesday, 7pm, Auditorium, Medjuck Building, School of Architecture) — Joseph Dahmen, of UBC School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, will speak.

The Virgin Suicides (Wednesday, 8pm, Dalhousie Art Gallery) — a screening of Sophia Coppola’s 1999 film.


Nothing worth talking about going on.

In the harbour

The seas around Nova Scotia, 9:20am Wednesday. Map:

5:30am: Tomar, car carrier, arrives at Autoport from Zeebrugge, Belgium
6am: ZIM Monaco, container ship, arrives at Pier 41 from Valencia, Spain
7:30am: Dependable, cable layer, sails from anchorage to sea
4:30pm: ZIM Monaco, container ship, sails from Pier 41 for New York
9pm: NYK Deneb, container ship, arrives at Fairview Cove from New York


I’ll be on The Sheldon MacLeod Show, News 95.7, at 2pm.

Tim Bousquet is the editor and publisher of the Halifax Examiner. Twitter @Tim_Bousquet Mastodon

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  1. TIL: anthropophagolagnian. Educating the masses, Tim! (or is that “them asses”? Whatever)

  2. Note to Rory Andrews: If you happen to get around by wheelchair, an elevator is a necessary device for accessing cultural events (or anything else) in renovated buildings. Think before you condemn those less mobile than thee to a third class existence.

  3. Hi Tim!

    I believe that Section 103 (2A) is actually meant to differentiate various degrees of illegality, rather than to tell one “by how much it is legal to break those limits”, as you put it.

    This demonstrates, for example, that exceeding the speed limit by over 30 km/h will be treated as a more serious offense than exceeding it by, say, between 1 and 15 km/h. The language also mirrors that in section 106A, “Exceeding speed limit.”

    Thanks as always for an interesting Morning File!


  4. Why did HRM CAO Jacques Dube email a parody of a Beverton article to Chief Financial Officer Amanda Whitewood on Sunday February 12 2017 and why is he still on the job ?

  5. Appreciate your inclusion of Barry Saxifrage/National Observer climate change analysis. Though not the colourful news incident of the day, it conveys a trajectory for our sacred living environment will be biggest “story” of the eon. Please continue to enlighten us in this way.

  6. The CO2 increases are alarming, the graph put it in a visual perspective that is easily understood. The climate change deniers will say that CO2 is already in the atmosphere and is an essential part of the ecosystem; but of course they will never admit that one can have too much of a good thing, eh? The unfortunate truth is that Canada through federal, provincial, municipal, commercial and residential initiates to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, such as CO2, will have a small impact when considered on a global perspective. Does this mean we should do nothing? H3LL No; we need to lead by example; but there is a cost to doing the right thing and there is never any guaranty that the rest of the world will follow our good example. There needs to be realistic goals set, with achievable timelines for attainment. One cannot do away with fossil fuel energy sources, for instance, without having viable replacements energy sources available in sufficient quantities to make such replacement possible on an economic scale… as a society, we are not even close to being there yet.

  7. Great point in the letter about New Dawn. Look how much government funding goes to construction of buildings, but gets called funding of the thing that’s going to be in the building (normally something more resonant for citizens than “construction”, for instance “education”, “health”, “culture”). Which isn’t to say that there’s never any need for buildings in education, health and culture. It’s just to question whether constructing buildings is the best path to the outcome desired each time its done, and if it isn’t, can we ensure there’s some documentation of that gap? So that if, for instance, a jurisdiction has identified “more sustainable work for our theatre professionals” as a goal, and then in response government says “we will pour $x into construction of a theatre building”, but later, once the building is operational, there is no more sustainable theatre work than before, someone draws a line between the goal, the expenditure, and the outcome with a note next to all of it reading “nope”.

  8. I haven’t flown since 1994 since it was enough of a pain in the butt even then. It isn’t that I fear flying — I like the actual flying part, looking out the window, except maybe for my sore ears and deafness. But the whole procedure got to be too much of a nuisance for me, since I remembered the days when you just walked out a door out onto the tarmac, and then walked up the steps into the plane. Now, as Tim describes it, since 9/11 the delays and torments have got even worse. I have to fly at the beginning of May and I’m not looking forward to it.

  9. That speed limit at tram tracks is still 50 km/h, and if a town wants to let you do 120km/h across the railway or where church lets out, all they have to do is post a sign pursuant to section 104. This is further clarified in 105 “105 (1) The speed limitations provided in subsection (2) of Section 102 shall not apply where the traffic authority has indicated a higher rate of speed by erecting and maintaining appropriate signs giving notice of such increased rate of speed.”

    Meanwhile, sections 106, 106A, 106B, and 106C do exactly for everywhere else in the province do for what you’ve highlighted for school zones, the penalties for exceeding the speed limit in the school zone are simply higher, which is why they are spelled out separately.