1. Nova Scotia Power: New ways of making customers pay

three red and white smoke stack at the power generating plant at the shores of Halifax Harbour
Tufts Cove Generating Plant. Photo: Halifax Examiner

We’ve probably all heard by now of the proposed Nova Scotia Power rate hikes, but today Jennifer Henderson digs into a more insidious scheme to have ratepayers finance new infrastructure.

She writes:

What seems unforgiveable is a proposed change in how the company would finance capital projects — whether it is running power lines into a new subdivision or building a wind farm — that would shift millions of dollars in costs to consumers while significantly increasing revenue for Nova Scotia Power shareholders. This seems egregious because it could have very negative consequences for ratepayers.

Keep in mind the company will be required to make investments in the hundreds of millions of dollars over the next decade to “green the grid” in order to meet legal requirements to get to 80% renewable energy by 2030.

Under the proposed changes the utility would earn its guaranteed rate of return on a larger share of the cost of new projects.

To illustrate the point, Henderson walks us through a hypothetical wind farm project, and says the result is, “A good deal for shareholders; not such a sweet deal for ratepayers. ”

Click here to read the whole story. 

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2. Residents worry about development’s impact on Dartmouth wetland

A wintery landscape is seen on a grey day. In the foreground, there are some small evergreen trees and medium-sized bare trees poking up from frozen moss.
Eisner Cove Wetland frozen over in January 2022. Photo: Zane Woodford Credit: Zane Woodford

At a virtual public meeting, residents expressed worries about how a proposed new development will affect a Dartmouth wetland, Zane Woodford reports.

Trees are already being felled on the property, even though the development has yet to be approved. Residents worry about the wetland, but the developer doesn’t think they are justified:

Clayton’s vice president of operations and engineering, Scott MacCallum, said the developer has built roads overtop of wetlands before, saying it crossed a bog in Cole Harbour with “great success.” MacCallum said the road will be a causeway, not a bridge.

Susan Van Iderstine, an area resident, said she doesn’t think it’s possible to build this development without destroying the wetland.

“We have to think so carefully about these decisions,” Van Iderstine said. “If we lose the wetland, if there’s one small miscalculation or someone who didn’t follow something up and it’s gone, then we’re losing something irreplaceable that sequesters carbon, that purifies our water, that cleans our air for everybody, that controls the excess heat that is created in an urban area.”

Click here to read Woodford’s story.

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3. Wanda Robson dies at age 95

Elderly Black lady places left arm around a little Black girl as they smile for the camera in the school library
Wanda Robson and nine-year-old Tayte Douglas at a 2017 unveiling of ‘The ABC’s of Viola Desmond’ at William King Elementary School. Photo: Rae-Leah Douglas.

Wanda Robson, the sister of Viola Desmond, has died. Matthew Byard explores her role in ensuring her sister’s story became broadly known, and that her unjust 1946 conviction was expunged.

And he also shares this lovely story:

“You’re beautiful,” Robson whispered into Tayte Douglas’ ear when they first met at a March 2017 school assembly at William King Elementary School in Halifax.

Robson didn’t know when they met, but Tayte has family roots in the Black community of New Glasgow where Viola Desmond was arrested for sitting in the whites-only section of a movie theatre.

Two years before meeting Robson, Tayte’s Grade 2/3 class wrote and illustrated a children’s book, The ABC’s of Viola Desmond, as part of a contest for African Heritage Month.

The book was published by the Delmore “Buddy” Daye Leaning Institute. Robson, who wrote a forward for the book, made a surprise appearance at the 2017 school assembly where the book was unveiled.

In the preface on the book’s back cover, Robson wrote, “These children not only grasped the facts of Viola’s story, but then captured it in words and images, that can reach and teach a whole new audience. I know Viola would join me in thanking these students and their wonderful teachers, Pam Caines and Beatrice MacDonald, for this unique and thoughtful portrayal.”…

“She just really enjoyed the company of the little kids around her,” Tayte said. “She talked to me a lot, she was very fond of me, and I was very fond of her because she was really nice.”

You can read Byard’s story here. 

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4. There’s gold in them thar hills! What if we just left it there? 

This aerial photo of Atlantic Gold's Touquoy open pit gold mine in Moose River shows the giant crater where the gold is mined, and the large tailings pond on the edge of Scraggy Lake. Photo is contributed.
Atlantic Gold Moose River open pit gold mine in May 2021 (contributed)

Gold, gold, gold. Nova Scotia is in the midst of its fourth gold rush, Joan Baxter writes, but this one is “more disruptive and destructive than the underground gold mining of centuries past.” 

The mining industry likes to say that mining is essential for modern life, and for the transition to a green economy (think lithium for batteries). And that may be true, but the trouble is it has no bearing on Nova Scotia, where most mining is for gold. 

In this latest story on the mining industry, Baxter interviews Dirk Baur, a professor of finance at the University of Western Australia in Perth, Australia. (She misses an opportunity to ask him if he is a fan of the Perth Heat baseball team, who recently became the Bitcoin Perth Heat — I am not joking — but I will forgive her.) 

Struck by something uber-investor Warren Buffett said — that gold is dug out of the ground, melted, then buried underground again, in vaults — Baur started to wonder about alternate ways to speculate on gold without actually digging it out of the ground. Speaking to Baxter, Baur says: 

Today, with sophisticated financial markets and even crypto currencies, we can tokenize or securitize what is in the ground and sell that to investors. And because of that, there’s less need to actually mine the gold. The mining really only makes sense for people who like to look at gold, and jewelry and stuff. But a lot of the gold that is mined ultimately ends up in vaults underground often… 

I proposed that investors can invest in exploration companies, in publicly listed companies that just explore and check how much gold is in a certain location, but do not mine it. The idea was that investors invest in these companies, but under the assumption that this will never be mined… 

The underlying idea is that in a better world, we would securitize or tokenize the gold in the ground and then sell that to investors, similar to an exchange credit fund where companies hold gold and then sell shares of the gold that they hold in vaults to investors. 

Part of my brain is going, what? But another part is wondering how this would be any different from speculating on, say, baseball or hockey cards, or comic books that are locked away somewhere. (Can I interest you in a slightly worn Rick MacLeish card?) 

Click here to read Baxter’s interview with Baur. 

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5. Richard Preston: abolitionist, minister, community leader 

Left Photo: Headshot / Modern day artist rendering of Richard Preston, Right Photo: Ink drawing (circa 1850) by Dr. J.B. Gilpin of Richard Preston on horseback wearing a top hat and long coat.

Matthew Byard has written a fascinating portrait of Richard Preston,  considered a founder of the Black Nova Scotian community. 

Preston founded the African Chapel — now the New Horizons Baptist Church — and his name is being considered as a possibility to replace the name of what is now Cornwallis Street. 

Byard interviews Dr. Isaac Saney, a professor of African Nova Scotian history and African Canadian Studies at Dalhousie University and Saint Mary’s University, to learn more about Preston’s life and legacy. Born into slavery in Virginia, he came to Nova Scotia to find his mother, who came in “one of the waves of Black Refugees after the War of 1812.” As Byard writes:

“One of the things I often teach about Richard Preston is not only is he the founder of the African Nova Scotian community, he can be seen to be an anticipator of what we might call Black Nationalism, at least in a Nova Scotian context,” Saney said. 

Blacks had been living as slaves Nova Scotia for about 30 years prior to the influx of Black Refugees of the War of 1812. The Black Loyalists too were former slaves, who were promised freedom, land, and equality in exchange for their loyalty and war service to Britain in the American War of Independence. 

Preston traveled throughout the province in an effort and organized the different groups of former slaves, Black Loyalists, and their descendants, and the new influx of Black Refugees of the War of 1812. 

Saney said Preston’s aim was to help them recognize and realize their shared interests as Black people in their new Nova Scotia. 

“He’s traveling through all these different separate communities, despaired Black communities that were deliberately settled in ways that were isolated from the townships and typical Nova Scotian towns,” Saney said. “You have to think about him traveling back in those times when the infrastructure wasn’t that developed, and plus, as a Black man. But he had a tremendous amount of respect.” 

I am embarrassed to admit I knew nothing about Richard Preston. He sounds like a tenacious visionary. I encourage you to read all of Byard’s story. 

Click here to read Byard’s story.

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6. COVID update

a mid-century modern style illustration, with "COVID 10" in white capital letters on a background of black, with orange and grey shapes and lines.

Three more Nova Scotians have died of COVID-19, Tim Bousquet reports. Unfortunately, Bousquet’s prediction of the number of deaths we are likely to see in the coming weeks seems to be coming true. He writes. 

The deceased are:
• a woman in her 60s who lived in the Central Zone
• a woman in her 70s who lived in the Western Zone
• a woman in her 70s who lived in the Northern Zone

Of the 374 people in hospital, “who either now have COVID or once did have COVID,” 146 contracted the disease while in hospital.

PCR testing shows a 15.0% positivity rate.

Bousquet says there is a limited supply of rapid tests available at public libraries. Please check with the library before going to pick up tests. Also, do not be like the person I saw last month yelling at library staff because they had no tests in stock.

Click here to read the update.

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7. The Board of Police Commissioners is not supposed to serve the police 

A Halifax Regional Police blocks protesters as the shelter is placed on a flatbed trailer on Aug. 18, 2021. Photo: Zane Woodford Credit: Zane Woodford

The Halifax Examiner has published an open letter signed by some five dozen individuals and several organizations, decrying the actions of the Board of Police Commissioners last week. After listening to 24 speakers, most of whom spoke against an increase to the police budget, commissioners last week decided to recommend in favour of the increase requested by Halifax Regional Police chief Dan Kinsella. 

“So what went wrong? And why does it matter?” the letter asks. 

The signatories include Dr. El Jones, who chaired the board’s Subcommittee to Define Defunding the Police, which produced the report Defunding the Police: Defining the Way Forward for HRM. 

The letter says: 

A self-study commissioned by the Board in 2016 revealed that “the Halifax Board of Police Commissioners has failed to meet its legislated governance requirements under the 2006 Police Act for the past 10 years.” The Board’s policy-making powers, we conclude, have been historically misunderstood and misused. 

This Board’s lack of understanding of its role was on full display last Monday night. At least one commissioner declared that they “serve the police,” and that it was therefore their responsibility to grant HRP Chief Dan Kinsella’s request for more officers. Kinsella in his turn could provide no reliable data on officer attrition, data that has been specifically requested since December by Commissioner Harry Critchley (a co-writer of the report). After more than an hour “in camera” where Chief Kinsella made a private case to the Board for more funding, away from public scrutiny, the Board returned to approve everything he asked for. 

Commissioner Lisa Blackburn described the police situation as a “drowning man,” declaring that “when a man is drowning you throw him a rope.” 

But relative to the rest of society, the police are not drowning. In fact, one might suggest that a better analogy would be someone standing on a dock, claiming they are drowning, being thrown rope after rope while other people thrash around in the water with no help. When a person is drowning, you fund the lifeguards, not the police. 

Metaphors aside, the Board does not serve the police. Their responsibility under the Police Act is explicitly to the public – the same public they invited to speak and then ignored. 

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8. No secret meetings, just in-camera ones

Two photos of a grassy area near a river
Diversion channel looking downstream in 2016 (top) and 2021 (bottom). Photos: AltaGas

The owner of a property neighbouring the Alton Gas site is concerned about secret meetings on the future of the property, Francis Campbell reports for SaltWire.

The future of the property is in question now that the company has decided not to proceed with its plan to store natural gas in underground caverns by the river.

Campbell writes:

“My understanding is it’s all supposed to be open communication, they sought proposals for consultation between landholders adjacent to these properties and the community,” said Colin Hawks, who lives on Brentwood Road, less than half a kilometre from the Colchester County site where Alton Gas, a subsidiary of AltaGas, had planned to develop two gigantic underground natural gas storage caverns.

While Hawks is concerned about “closed-door meetings,” the mayor of Stewiacke tells Campbell there have been no such meetings. Just, er, in-camera meetings:

Stewiacke Mayor George Lloy said there have been no secretive meetings.

“I can’t comment on a lot of things right now,” Lloy said. “People have asked me, have there been closed-door meetings and those types of things and I can assure you there have not.

“The town would look at any options going forward but nothing is concrete. We’ve had in camera discussions on land.”

OK then.

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Our hybrid event future

Old-fashioned black-and-white cartoon. A woman lies in bed holding a large reference book and looking at another book open to a crossword puzzle. A man stands in the corner of the room crying.
A man whose marriage is ruined because his wife is obsessed with crossword puzzles. Image via the Pessimists Archive Twitter account.

On Sunday, I participated in my second crossword tournament. I’ve had an interest in crosswords for a long time, but I started doing them much more regularly (surprise, surprise) after the pandemic started.

The tournament, called Boswords Winter Wonder Solve (it’s organized by folks in Boston) used to take place in person, at the Roxbury Latin School. Now, of course, it’s online. On Twitch, the organizers streamed pre-tournament info, then in-between puzzles did interviews with crossword constructors, shared comedy videos (crossword humour!), and provided updates. All the while, lively chat filled the right side of the screen. I’ve never been to an in-person crossword tournament, but this online event didn’t feel like a pale comparison to what could be. It felt like a proper and well-organized event of its own.

At the end of the day, one of the organizers said he hoped Boswords would return to being an in-person event next year, but that, of course, an online component would remain. There were about 1,000 participants in the tournament. Many, like me, were first-timers at Boswords. I assume the Roxbury Latin School might have a hard time accommodating that many in person.

But I also wondered what a hybrid crossword tournament would look like. Would solvers online and in person start at the same time? Would the ones in person use paper and the ones online software? Would that affect speed and standings? Would in person and online solvers be in different divisions?

I hear a lot these days about events going hybrid, and it reminds me of when I first had a home computer and my mother wanted me to “put the business on the computer.” (I was in high school.) The business was a corner grocery she owned, where I worked part time. I had no idea what putting the business on the computer meant, and I don’t think my mother did either. But she had heard computers were helpful for businesses, could help you track things and be more productive, and she, understandably, wanted to be a part of that.

I, on the other hand, just wanted to play games.

I think about “putting the business on the computer” when I hear about hybrid events, because I imagine they must be very hard to pull off. So I called up Dion Beary to ask about the challenges involved in them.

Beary, based in Charlotte, NC, is director of business development at Jumbo, a company that custom-builds tools for live-streaming events.

Beary said that when the pandemic hit, “everyone went to Zoom.” Zoom was already there and relatively easy to figure out, so that made sense. But Zoom wasn’t built for all the uses to which people are now trying to put it. It was designed to host meetings.

Smiling Black man with a beard, wearing a casual dark jacket over a light coloured t-shirt
Dion Beary. Photo contributed.

I asked Beary about the pitfalls of hosting hybrid events. He said one of the biggest is “the idea, whether implicit or explicit, that the virtual component is a lesser version of the event. They put a lot of effort into the physical and not as much into the online broadcast. They think, ‘We’ll just stream it. We can point a camera and put it on YouTube, and that’s our virtual event.’ That’s not a virtual event. That’s an episode of Big Brother.”

Instead, Beary said, “You have to give the people who are online just as many ways to interact and engage with the process as the people who are there.” If there are in-person networking opportunities, virtual participants should also have the opportunity for making one-to-one and one-to-many connections, for instance. 

Online participants, Beary said, “are not sitting at home sad.” They have chosen not to go in person, and organizers should “throw some exclusive goodies at them: Online-only breakout rooms, e-commerce options. One of our major clients had a keynote speaker, a CEO at one of the banks, and he did a Q&A that only took place with the online audience. It was actually kind of more intimate and personal online.”

Some people are really, really keen to meet in person. Last month, I moderated a panel discussion for a story I was writing, and the participants were set on doing it in person. I was not willing. In the end, the participants got together — they were all going to be at the location anyway — and I joined in remotely. It worked fine. Beary said there are people who love planning in-person events, and who are now adding a hybrid component — but before going that route it makes sense to think about just what you are trying to achieve, and to make sure to be as inclusive as possible. “People are drawn to hybrid because it’s new and fancy,” he said.

It’s fascinating to me how something so completely alien to most of us — the Zoom meeting — has become so familiar so quickly. It’s a testament to our adaptability. But Beary says now that it looks like online meetings and events are going to be a part of the future, it makes sense to think about them in new ways too. “This is a space where technology can interact in limitless ways, and we are just discovering the possibilities,” he said.

In case you’re wondering, at the Boswords tournament I finished 161st in the individual category, competing in the “flurry” (ie, easier) division. More practice filling in little boxes required.

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A black and white photo of a crow sitting on a wire
Crow on a wire. Photo: David Manginley/Unsplash

Over the last few days, I’ve seen several people sharing a story about a Swedish company teaching crows to pick up cigarette butts. The idea is that the crows collect the butts, drop them into a disposal machine, and the machine in turn rewards them with a treat.

This is one of those heart-warming style stories made to go viral: smart animals, a good cause (cleaning up litter!), human ingenuity… what’s not to love?

Quite a bit, actually, says Dr. Kaeli Swift, a biologist who writes the Corvid Research blog.

Swift asks two questions about the Swedish cigarette butt idea: “Will this work and is it a good idea?” The answer to both, she says, is no.

Sure, crows are smart enough to do this, but “being smart and being motivated are very different,” she writes.

Having fed a lot of crows a lot of peanuts, I can tell you that the appeal of unlimited peanuts wanes drastically over time. While there might be an initial rash of participants, or at least a couple highly exuberant ones, there’s a serious question of meaningful sustainability without the introduction of a more desirable (and more expensive) food.

My skepticism here is born both from my experience with crows and the cold hard fact that this has simply never worked before.

Swift then details numerous other similar attempts involving crows, none of which have panned out. Then she raises questions about how the peanut-dispensing machine would work. How would it keep out vermin? Prevent mildew? And, finally, she raises the obvious issue that cigarette butts are full of toxic shit and maybe it’s not a great idea to have crows carting them around in their beaks all day.

Direct ingestion of nicotine at a concentration of 0.054ml/kg causes rapid death in birds. While there’s no way a crow would ingest that much nicotine simply from handling a cigarette butt (even with its mouth), there’s urgent need to understand how repeated handling of cigarette filters might impact these wild animals. And truth be told, I have very little confidence that the people behind these butts for nuts ideas understand the challenges of executing that study, though I would welcome their inquiries.

We have seen endless stories like this, right? Plucky startup with a great idea! Never mind that many other people have tried this idea and it doesn’t work, or that actual experts in the field are highly doubtful.

Ultimately, what depresses me about this and so many other “solutions” is that they take complex approaches to solving what should be simple problems. Instead of training armies of crows to pick up cigarette butts and get rewarded with food via a network of feeding stations, maybe we could somehow work on getting people to just not throw their butts on the ground?

A decade ago I wrote a story on cigarette butts for the now-defunct news website Open File. One of the things I learned was that a 2008 study estimated 5.6 trillion butts are discarded worldwide per year.

We’d need an awful lot of crows.

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Halifax Regional Council (Tuesday, 10am) — virtual meeting


Budget Committee (Wednesday, 9:30am) — virtual meeting

Design Advisory Committee (Wednesday, 4:30pm) — more info here



Health (Tuesday, 1pm) — video conference; Auditor General’s 2017 Recommendations – Mental Health Services in the Province, with representatives from the Department of Health and Wellness, Nova Scotia Health, and IWK Health Centre


Public Accounts (Wednesday, 9am) — video conference; Review of Crown Corporations, with representatives from the Departments of Economic Development, Public Works, and Communities, Culture, Tourism and Heritage

On campus



No events


Primary Health Care Learning Series (Wednesday, 12pm) — online seminar consisting of two presentations: “Talking ‘bout my generation: Practice patterns among early-career family physicians and implications for primary care policy and workforce planning,” with Ruth Laverne; “The kids are alright: Influences on the intentions for obstetric practice among family physicians and residents in Canada,” with Emily Gard Marshall

Speak Truth to Power: Sounding the Alarm on Gender-Based Violence (Wednesday, 6pm) — online forum with Crystal John, Lisa Lachance, Mx Seán Nashak, Lyndsay Anderson, and Suzie Dunn

Saint Mary’s


No events


Climbing out of the silo: A systems approach to displacement (Wednesday, 2pm) — virtual event with David Scott FitzGerald from the University of California San Diego


Experiencing Inclusion and Diversity in the Workplace: Challenges and Solutions (Tuesday, 6pm) — 2022 Black History Month panel discussion via Zoom with Angela Simmonds, Suzy Hansen, and Tiwatope Ogundipe; moderated by Jalana Lewis, with drumming by Olugu Ukpai

In the harbour

05:00: One Majesty, container ship, arrives at Fairview Cove from Colombo, Sri Lanka
13:30: Gotland, cargo ship, arrives at Berth TBD from Liepaja, Latvia
22:00: Algoma Integrity, bulker, arrives at Gold Bond from Portsmouth, New Hampshire

Cape Breton
03:30: CSL Tacoma, bulker, sails from Aulds Cove quarry for sea
15:00: Algoma Victory, bulker, arrives at Aulds Cove quarry from Savannah, Georgia


In case you thought, I was kidding about the Perth Heat as the Bitcoin team, I present this image from their website. It falls into the “how can this not be satire” category.

A bizarre image of a male baseball player in a batting stance, with illustrated beams coming out of his eyes, and a bitcoin logo in a bubble in front of him.
I don’t think I can be a fan of the Perth Heat anymore.

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Philip Moscovitch is a freelance writer, audio producer, fiction writer, and editor of Write Magazine.

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  1. Given that Richard Preston chose his last name as that of the community, it makes abundant sense to rename Cornwallis Street to that same name. It would memorialize not just the name of Richard Preston but the community from which he derived his identity. Works on many levels.

  2. The ‘unmined gold certificates’ sounds like Bitcoin with more steps (and bags of cash handed off to geologists).

    For what it’s worth, there are 20 million tons of gold suspended in the world ocean, we could just decide that everyone owns an equal amount of that gold. That works out to 2.85 kg per person on Earth, or $210,000 Canadian dollars. Hooray! We’re all rich now.