Photo: Joan Baxter

Just over a month ago, the Halifax Examiner reported on how Northern Pulp appeared to be misleading Ernst & Young, the appointed court monitor in its creditor protection case in the British Columbia Supreme Court.

Specifically, we fact-checked the fourth “monitor report,” which contained several inaccuracies about Northern Pulp activities during its “hibernation” and while its affiliates work on a “plan of compromise or arrangement” during a “restructuring phase.”

Now the court monitor’s fifth report is also out, as is the eighth affidavit of Bruce Chapman, “business person of Stellarton, Nova Scotia,” and “general manager (Northern Pulp) of Paper Excellence Canada Holdings.” 

And once again, some question-asking and fact-checking are in order.

But first, a quick recap of who’s in court and why. 

The petitioners that are seeking relief from debt payments, described in court documents as “persons,” made their first application to the BC court on June 19 this year, and they include the companies:

1057863 B.C. Ltd., Northern Resources Nova Scotia Corporation, Northern Pulp Nova Scotia Corporation, Northern Timber Nova Scotia Corporation, 3253527 Nova Scotia Limited, 3243722 Nova Scotia Limited, and Northern Pulp NS GP ULC

Two more affiliates — Northern Pulp Nova Scotia LP and Northern Timber Nova Scotia LP — are not petitioners, but are “the main operating entities of the petitioners” and are, “indirect subsidiaries of 1057863 B.C. Ltd and Northern Resources Nova Scotia Corporation.” 

Paper Excellence Canada Holdings is not a petitioner; however, according to the Chapman affidavit, it owns a 30% interest in the petitioners, while the remaining 70% ownership is held by Hervey Investment BC (Netherlands). 

In the two-part series “Corporate Shell Game” (available here and here), the Examiner reported extensively on Northern Pulp’s bid for creditor protection, the complex and opaque nature of its corporate structure and affiliations, and its links to the corporate behemoths Sinar Mas and Asia Pulp & Paper, which belong to the billionaire Widjaja family of Indonesia. 

Northern Pulp & Co. are now asking for their fifth stay of application, this one until April 30, 2021. 

The affidavit from Bruce Chapman submitted to the BC court suggests that — unless he has something else up his sleeve — he doesn’t have a very clear understanding of how the environmental assessment process works here in Nova Scotia. 

This is curious indeed, given that Chapman has been at the helm of Northern Pulp throughout the environmental assessment (EA) process for its replacement effluent treatment facility, which began on February 7, 2019, when it first registered the project with Nova Scotia Environment.  

Chapman was general manager on March 29, 2019, when then-Environment Minister Margaret Miller found no fewer than 19 “key deficiencies” in the information provided in the original Northern Pulp EA submission, something the Examiner reported here. 

Miller then asked Northern Pulp to fix those deficiencies by submitting a Focus Report on its proposed effluent treatment facility “in accordance with clause 13(1)c of the Environmental Assessment Regulations, pursuant to Part IV of the Environment Act.”

Chapman was still in charge of the company when the province issued the final Terms of Reference for that Focus Report on April 23, 2019, giving Northern Pulp one year to submit the report. 

Chapman was also there when Northern Pulp submitted the Focus Report on October 2, 2019. 

When Environment Minister Gordon Wilson decided on December 17, 2019 that there was not enough information in the Focus Report “to properly assess whether there may be adverse effects or significant environment effects on fish, air, water resources and human health,” Wilson addressed his decision letter to Bruce Chapman, informing him that Northern Pulp would need to submit an environmental assessment report. 

Chapman was the general manager when, on April 28, 2020, Nova Scotia Environment issued its final “Terms of Reference for the Preparation of an Environmental Assessment Report: Regarding the Replacement Effluent Treatment Facility Project Proposed by Northern Pulp Nova Scotia Corporation.” 

The 29-page Terms of Reference document provides — in great and meticulous detail — what the EA report should include, as well as this information about the deadline:

The Proponent is required to submit the EA Report within two years of the date of this Terms of Reference. This may be extended to three years if the required studies would cause preparation of the EA Report to exceed the two-year period. If the EA Report does not include the items specified in the Terms of Reference, Northern Pulp will be required to include further information before the EA Report can be accepted. 

You get the picture. Chapman is not new to the whole environmental assessment process in Nova Scotia. He should know what it entails. All of it. In great depth.

Nevertheless, in his affidavit to the BC Court, Chapman writes that: 

… the Petitioners temporarily “paused” the environmental assessment process in respect of the Replacement ETF for various reasons, as described in the Fourth Chapman Affidavit. The Petitioners formed the Community Liaison Committee (renamed the Environmental Liaison Committee, the “ELC”) to assist in identifying alternatives to re-start the Mill, as described in the Sixth Chapman Affidavit. The ELC has had multiple meetings with stakeholders, retained a local engineering firm to provide technical guidance and support, and expects to complete its analysis and make a formal presentation to Northern Pulp in December 2020 regarding community concerns and potential solutions to address those concerns to include in a new Replacement ETF project (the “New Replacement ETF Project”) to re- start the Mill. The Petitioners will attempt to re-engage with the Province in January 2021 to identify an environmental assessment process to seek approval for the New Replacement ETF Project … [italics added]

Perplexed by the sections highlighted in italics in the above, I asked Nova Scotia Environment if it was possible for Northern Pulp to “temporarily” pause the environmental assessment process. 

Spokesperson Barbara Maclean replied that, “There are no provisions in the legislation for a company to “pause” the Environmental Assessment Report process. 

MacLean also reiterated the timeline that is clearly stated in the April 28 “Terms of Reference” for the Environmental Assessment Report, namely that Northern Pulp had two years from that date to prepare the report, and that if it were unable to finish all the studies within that time frame, “the Minister may extend the time period by 1 year.”

I also asked what Chapman might have meant when he wrote that Northern Pulp would “attempt to re-engage” with the province in January 2021 “to identify an environmental assessment process,” given that the Terms of Reference finalized in April this year clearly define the process that Northern Pulp needs to follow for its EA report.

MacLean replied:

The Environmental Assessment Report process is laid out in the Environmental Assessment Regulations; this is the process the company has to follow to continue with the project as registered. The company can decide to register a new project if they decide to take a different approach to effluent treatment.

The court monitor appears to take Chapman at his perplexing — and misleading — word that the whole environmental process has yet to be identified and defined, stating in its fifth report to the BC court that: 

The environmental assessment costs relate to finding a solution for the R-ETF [Replacement Effluent Treatment Facility]. Discussions within the ELC and its communications with various stakeholders including the Province, PLFN, KSH [consulting firm], and other community interest groups will dictate what the environmental assessment process will look like going forward. The current environmental assessment process is currently inactive. The Petitioners do not expect that any material costs will be incurred with respect to the environmental assessment process until at least late Spring of 2021. [italics added]

What this all means — of course — is anyone’s guess.

Does Chapman really not know that the environmental assessment report Northern Pulp has to produce has already been clearly defined?

Or are Northern Pulp and its corporate masters hoping that once Premier Stephen McNeil has stepped down in February, they will have a better chance of getting their way with the provincial government — as indeed the owners of the Pictou pulp mill did so successfully for more than half a century?

Or is this just a legal game of chicken, designed to make it look as if Northern Pulp is doing everything it can to open again, while behind the scenes legal teams seek out the best ways to try to take Nova Scotians to the cleaners for lost profits and the broken lease on the use of Boat Harbour, while also continuing to enjoy a deferral on repayment of the nearly $85 million it still owes the province?

Like I say: it’s anyone’s guess.

The Halifax Examiner is an advertising-free, subscriber-supported news site. Your subscription makes this work possible; please subscribe.

Some people have asked that we additionally allow for one-time donations from readers, so we’ve created that opportunity, via the PayPal button below. We also accept e-transfers, cheques, and donations with your credit card; please contact iris “at” halifaxexaminer “dot” ca for details.

Thank you!

Joan Baxter is an award-winning Nova Scotian journalist and author of seven books, including "The Mill: Fifty Years of Pulp and Protest." Website:; Twitter @joan_baxter

Join the Conversation


Only subscribers to the Halifax Examiner may comment on articles. We moderate all comments. Be respectful; whenever possible, provide links to credible documentary evidence to back up your factual claims. Please read our Commenting Policy.
  1. On December 9, Pictou Landing First Nation Chief Andrea Paul posted the following update on her Facebook page, to clarify that PLFN is not participating in any Northern Pulp environmental process, that the relationship between Northern Pulp / Paper Excellence “is broken,” and that PLFN will have nothing to do with the Environmental Liaison Committee, or allow Northern Pulp to use PLFN as “an opportunity” for the company “to appear as being sincere” when it claimed it was not going to proceed with the current environmental process … which is not what it seems to be telling the BC Supreme Court. Chief Paul’s statement:

    “Back in May of 2020, Northern Pulp (NP) told us that it wants to redesign the proposed treatment facility – end goal ==> no impact to the environment. NP advised the Band that it does not want to proceed with treatment facility plan that was submitted to NS Environment (which is the plan in the current EA process).
    What we were told:
    NP would like to participate in a process with PLFN that would explore technology to have the mill and treatment facility operate to a point of almost NO IMPACT to the ENVIRONMENT. Once technology was identified NP was to explore the costs of this investment and if it wasn’t doable then they would abandon the plans and not reopen the Mill. NP would not proceed with a design that PLFN had concerns about.
    How we responded:
    The relationship between NP and PLFN is broken. There is no trust. In fact, after December 20, 2019 we witnessed the harmful retaliation towards PLFN from Mill employees and supporters. NP did nothing to address the historical and present day comments and misinformation being shared by it’s employees. This conversation was had repeatedly with NP and it’s parent company, Paper Excellence in numerous meetings.
    PLFN advised NP that currently, participating in this process would be a waste of time unless the community could be convinced of NP’s sincerity.
    Since NP told us it did not intend to proceed with the current design, in order to restore trust and demonstrate its sincerity PLFN advised NP that we would not participate in any discussions unless, among other things, NP:
    1) withdrew the current application for environmental approval of the current design of the proposed new effluent treatment facility.
    2) withdrew its application to the Nova Scotia Supreme Court for judicial review of the December 17, 2019 decision to the Minister of Environment requiring a full environmental assessment report for the current design.
    If NP was sincere in relationship building, it would take these steps since it told us it was not proceeding with the current treatment facility proposal.
    However, NP has done neither.
    Instead, we learned through the CCAA proceedings that NP had been approved to borrow money to finance its legal fees for the judicial review application.
    ELC Committee:
    There was no reason for PLFN to participate in the committee unless NP met PLFN’s terms. We will not be used as an opportunity for NP to appear as being sincere. We never asked for minutes of the committee meetings and have asked Northern Pulp not to provide us with any further minutes. We have not agreed to review any results from the committee or any further proposals.”

  2. A very informative article . This isn’t a surprise given the thorough history that Baxter is well known for in her writing . How do we get this out to more of the public – to the many people that NPNS have been trying to mislead for years . No mention of what NP proposes to do with the partially cleaned up waste water nor what they propose to do about cleaning up the air pollution .