Sign at the blockade site in Digby County. Photo contributed

Monday, Eleanor Wynn and three other members of Extinction Rebellion went to the Department of Lands and Forestry office in Halifax — wearing masks and diligently observing COVID-19 protocol on spacing — hoping to get the attention of Derek Mombourquette, who took over as Minister of Lands and Forestry following the resignation of Iain Rankin, who is gunning to be leader of the NS Liberal Party and thus premier of Nova Scotia when Stephen McNeil steps down in February 2021.

Eleanor Wynn in DLF office

Wynn tells me their aim was to stay at the Department of Lands and Forestry (DLF) office until Mombourquette, who is also Minister of Energy and Mines, agreed to respond to a letter sent to him on November 11 by Nina Newington, who was asking for a meeting about clearcutting that his department has approved on Crown land in the New France area of Digby County.  

Blockade near Rocky Point Lake in Digby County. Photo contributed

Newington is a spokesperson for a group of citizens who, since October 21, have been camped out and blocking access for logging equipment into proposed cut areas on Crown land in the area — known to be important habitat for the endangered mainland moose — near Rocky Point Lake. 

Google Map showing Rocky Point Lake New France area in Digby County

In her letter, Newington wrote that the citizens concerned about the proposed cuts were asking for “an immediate halt to all logging activities on the Crown lands to the south of us, between the Silver River Wilderness Area and the Tobeatic Wilderness Area,” an area that had “already been subjected to extensive cutting, including a 720 acre (290 Ha) clearcut.” 

Map showing extent and nature of forest cutting on NS public lands. Photo: Shanni Bale

The suspension of logging approvals, Newington said, “should be accompanied by an independent review by biologists to establish best management practices for the area with the primary goal of protecting mainland moose and establishing the core habitat necessary for their recovery.” 

Newington also asked Mombourquette to meet “as soon as possible” — either in person or by video conference — with her and two other people knowledgeable about mainland moose and the impacts of forestry. 

Newington has had no reply. 

Frustrated by the silence, Wynn and the other members of Extinction Rebellion decided to hand-deliver copies of Newington’s letter to the DLF office. 

Wynn was seated on the floor, causing no disturbance, just hoping that their presence would inspire the minister — or someone from the department — to respond to their concerns about unsustainable forestry practices, clearcutting and failure to protect species at risk, and call Nina Newington to set up a meeting. 

Instead of agreeing to meet or speak with the protestors, someone in the department called the police. Wynn was arrested, handcuffed, dragged from the building and taken to the police station, where she was charged with not leaving premises when she was told to. 

Not going anywhere

Nina Newington told me yesterday that they have now set up a second blockade, and that in total there are 11 people — some from Extinction Rebellion and others from different groups — camping out at the two sites to try to block access to logging equipment, and that ages range from 25 to 76 years. 

Newington says more are expected, and they don’t intend to leave until there is an injunction forcing them to do so, or until the Department of Lands and Forestry puts a moratorium on cutting in the area. 

Westfor website shows Northern Pulp as one of its 12 members and partners

On Sunday night, the owner of the company doing the logging arrived with two RCMP officers in tow, she says. He told the protestors that loggers would be arriving at 5 the next morning. 

According to Newington, the protestors advised him to call Westfor, a consortium of 12 mills and private companies — including  Northern Pulp — that she says is managing the Crown land harvests in the area. She says the RCMP assured them that the loggers would not be back at 5am. 

They were. 

Newington says the loggers told those at the blockade to move their “fucking vehicle” that was parked across the road, or else they would move it for them. When the protestors refused, the loggers drove their pick-up trucks around the blockade.

Nature Nova Scotia has joined the campaign to prevent the cutting, and has started a petition demanding that:

… the Department of Lands and Forestry uphold the Endangered Species Act and immediately halt all harvest activities that result in heavy removals (e.g. clearcuts and even-aged harvests) on crown lands between Fourth Lake and the Napier River, where the presence of the Endangered Mainland Moose was recently confirmed by several biologists and naturalists.

Wynn tells me there is no sign that anyone in DLF is listening to the hundreds of concerned citizens who have signed the petition, written letters, made phone calls, or to those who have been camped out to protect moose habitat in Digby County for more than a month. 

But it’s not just citizens concerned that the Department of Lands and Forestry ignores. 

Department of Silence?

DLF is also not very good at answering journalists’ questions, at least not if my most recent attempt to get answers is any indication. 

In October, I read in a report submitted to the Supreme Court of British Columbia by the court monitor about Northern Pulp in its creditor protection case, that even though the pulp mill itself was in hibernation, Northern Pulp companies continued “woodland operations” in the province and continue to get government funds for them. As I wrote for the Examiner on November 6: 

According to the monitor, when those operations involve woodland roads on Crown land, the province can reimburse Northern Pulp for work on the roads. In addition, “the Province provides a rebate to Northern Pulp for spending on silviculture activities.”

The monitor continues:

Forestry Operations are profitable and provide a source of net positive cash flow to the Petitioners. Furthermore, it is the Petitioners’ view that the woodland operations must be maintained throughout the CCAA administration to ensure critical industry relationships are sustained and remain accessible when the Mill reopens. The woodland operations continue to support the forestry community including local sawmills and other sector participants who are critical to the long-term viability of the Mill and the Petitioners restart plans.

The Examiner has contacted Nova Scotia Lands and Forestry with several questions about Northern Pulp’s woodland operations and annual allocation on Crown land, stumpage rates it pays for harvesting on public land, as well as the amounts of the rebates for silviculture and woodland road work. As of publication, answers have not been received.

Even after that article was published on November 6, I never did get answers. 

My first email to Lands and Forestry was sent on October 26, when I wrote this: 

In 2013, then-DNR Deputy Minister, Duff Montgomerie, wrote to Northern Pulp’s Pedro Chang and offered the company an additional 125,000 tonnes of fibre from Crown land (including on the recently lands purchased from Resolute), bringing its total allocation to 225,000 tonnes per year. 

1. Does that agreement still hold? If not, what has changed (the annual amount of fibre allocated from Crown land, etc)? 

2. If it does still hold, is Northern Pulp exercising its right to harvest on Crown land, and if so, how much fibre this year? From which Crown lands? 

3. If it is still harvesting, what justification is there for that when the pulp mill is not operating?

4. When the mill opened back in the 1960s, the Scott Maritimes Act allocated it 230,000 acres of Crown land in Halifax County … does that agreement still stand? If not, when did it expire? If so, is harvesting still going on?

5. What is the stumpage paid in 2020 for harvesting on Crown land?

Within hours, I received a reply from DLF spokesperson Deborah Bayer, saying, “Thank you for your media inquiry.  We will get back to you shortly.” 

I replied immediately, thanking her for her response. 

Then I waited.


As I was finalizing my article for the Examiner, on November 4, I wrote back to Bayer asking when I could expect to receive answers to my questions sent on October 26, and to save her the time of searching for them in the email thread, I attached the same questions again. 

Then I waited. 

And waited. 

I’m still waiting. As are the citizens concerned about the imminent clearcutting of forest that provides habitat for moose, among all the other ecological services that forests provide. 

Perhaps what DLF really stands for is Department of Lips-sealed and Forest-clearing.

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Joan Baxter

Joan Baxter is an award-winning Nova Scotian journalist and author of seven books, including "The Mill: Fifty Years of Pulp and Protest." Website:;...

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  1. Can you imagine…just wanting an appointment for a meeting with the Minister of Lands and Forestry…and you decide that you are not going to leave until you get one. And instead of getting a meeting date – you end up being served under the Protection of Property Act and fined. According to Public Accounts, tax payers pay rent in the amount of $1,700,354.04 a year for this space to host their offices…that’s $141,696 a month. And a person can’t go in and ask for a meeting without being arrested? What’s going on here folks? This space does not belong to the Forest Industry. We pay the rent. We pay for police services. We pay the Minister and Deputy Minister’s salary…and can’t have a meeting date. So while these forest protectors have waited two weeks for a reply – that is two weeks out in the cold in tents on a logging road – to protect the endangered mainland moose. And guess what – Jon Porter, the Executive Director of Natural Resources responsible for the clearcutting – is also over the Wildlife Division. And according to the Minister’s Briefing book – when you write a letter to the Minister…it is set to him to respond. It’s time for him to go.

  2. Thank you for covering this story. I’ve too have been writing emails to DLF about this situation and have now sent several. No response other than the silence of stonewalling. It’s very shameful that our politicians and public servants have become so arrogant than they feel no compulsion to respond to those who voted for them, or are paying their salaries, or footing the bill for the oil and electricity to keep their cozy offices warm while some of us are camped in tents along a muddy logging road in freezing weather in order to protect the habitat of an endangered species that should have been protected by DLF (but wasn’t). – Bev Wigney – Admin of Annapolis Royal & Area Environment & Ecology (783 members).